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(lĕp`tĭs), ancient city of Libya, E of Tripoli. It was founded (c.600 B.C.) by Phoenicians from Sidon. Annexed (46 B.C.) to the Roman province of Africa, it flourished as an important port under the Romans, particularly during the reign of Septimius Severus (who had been born in Leptis). Some of the most impressive ruins of Roman Africa are there, including walls, baths, arches, temples, and forums. The city is also known as Lepcis. It is sometimes called Leptis Magna to distinguish it from another Leptis, S of Hadrumetum, in present Tunisia.


See K. B. Matthews, Jr., Cities in the Sand (1957).

References in periodicals archive ?
The country has five World Heritage Sites designated by UNESCO: the Greek archaeological sites of Cyrene, the Roman ruins of Leptis Magna, the Phoenician port of Sabratha, the rockart sites of the Acacus Mountains, and the old town of Ghadames.
In 1942, Wheeler rerouted traffic, posted guards and photographed Leptis Magna, an ancient Roman ruin in battle-ravaged Libya.
Ancient Roman architecture at sites such as Leptis Magna was presented as proof that, in the memorable words of Giovanni Pascoli, "ci fummo gia" (18).
The ministry of tourism is preparing development plans for 15 areas with potential for tourism including the famous Roman ruins at Leptis Magna, the green mountains and the rock art sites of Tadrart Acacus a rocky massif with thousands of cave paintings in very different styles, dating from 12,000 BC to AD 100.
Historical landmarks will include replicas of Abu Simbel temple and pyramids -- Egypt, Timgad -- Morocco, Great Wall of China, Leptis Magna -- Libya, Kingdom of Kerma -- Sudan, Aztec Temple -- Mexico, Roman Colosseum -- Rome, Acropolis of Athens -- Greece, Stonehenge -- England and Petra -- Jordan.
The subject is the Roman Libyan city of Leptis Magna.
Visitors could see the cultural sites near Tripoli such as Leptis Magna and then enjoy a beach holiday in Tunisia.
Hubs of trade and scholarship in Libya -- including the municipalities of Leptis Magna, Sabratha and Oea that formed the three-city zone, or
Sabratha is noted for the layout of its Roman city with temples, a toilet seating about sixty people and a theatre with a good stage and carved stage buildings on three levels, but it was Leptis Magna, one of the major Roman cities, which was the most spectacular.
Sabratha and Leptis Magna, the Palace that once housed King Idris are among the many tourist attractions of Libya.
We spent many hours with our Libyan consultants, who provided us with the opportunity to see much of Tripoli and its surrounding areas, including the ancient Roman city of Leptis Magna, which lies just outside of Tripoli.
High on the list are some of the most spectacular Roman ruins to be found anywhere in the Mediterranean basin, the most prominent of which are at Leptis Magna, some 80 miles east of Tripoli.