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Lesbos

(lĕz`bŏs) or

Lésvos

(lāz`vôs), island (1991 pop. 87,151), c.630 sq mi (1,630 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea near Turkey. A fertile island, it has vast olive groves and also produces wheat, wine, and citrus fruit. Fishing, tanning, livestock raising, and tourism are significant industries. MitilíniMitilíni
or Mytilene
, city (1991 pop. 24,953), capital of Lesbos prefecture, E Greece, a port on the island of Lesbos in the Aegean Sea. Roman remains are there.
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 is the island's chief town. Lesbos was a center of Bronze Age civilization and later (c.1000 B.C.) was settled by Aeolians. The island was a brilliant cultural center from the 7th to the 6th cent. B.C., when the poets AlcaeusAlcaeus
, c.620–c.580 B.C., Greek lyric poet of Lesbos. An aristocrat, he was often embroiled in political battles with the ruling tyrants. He wrote drinking songs, hymns, love songs, and political odes. He was, according to tradition, a close associate of Sappho.
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 and SapphoSappho
, fl. early 6th cent. B.C., greatest of the early Greek lyric poets (Plato calls her "the tenth Muse"), b. Mytilene on Lesbos. Facts about her life are scant. She was an aristocrat, who wrote poetry for her circle of friends, mostly but not exclusively women, and like
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 and the statesman PittacusPittacus
, c.650–c.570 B.C., Greek statesman and military leader; one of the Seven Wise Men of Greece. He helped to overthrow the tyrant of Mytilene in Lesbos and became the lawgiver there, ruling for 10 years.
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 were active there. Aristotle and Epicurus lived on the island, and Theophrastus was born on Lesbos. Lesbos joined the Delian League and revolted unsuccessfully against Athens in 428–27 B.C. Later, Lesbos passed to Macedonia, Rome, and the Byzantine Empire. It was taken by the Ottoman Turks in 1462 and became part of Greece in 1913. The island is sometimes known as Mytilene, which is a variant of Mitilíni.

Lesbos

 

(also Lesvos), a Greek island in the Aegean Sea off the coast of Asia Minor. Area, 1,636 sq km. The shores are strongly dissected, and there are many convenient inlets. Hills and low-mountain terrain predominate, with elevations up to 967 m high (Mount Olimbos). Lesbos is composed of limestone, mica schist, marble, and volcanic lavas. The vegetation is Mediterranean; pine forests are found in the upper mountain zone. The island has deposits of manganese, lead, chrome ore, and barite. There are marble quarries and hot springs. Lesbos is one of Greece’s major producers of olives (over 900,000 olive trees) and olive oil. Tobacco, citrus fruits, and figs are also cultivated. There is fishing. Mitilini (Mytilene) is the main city and port.

Lesbos

an island in the E Aegean, off the NW coast of Turkey: a centre of lyric poetry, led by Alcaeus and Sappho (6th century bc); annexed to Greece in 1913. Chief town: Mytilene. Pop.: 90 642 (2001). Area: 1630 sq. km (630 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
Mr El Mohor, who works in the IT department at Citibank and has lived in Bahrain for 13 years, spent a week in Lesbos helping refugees arriving there by boat.
Children were among those who died when the wooden boat went down in the 8km (5 mile) stretch of water separating Lesbos from the Turkish coast, Dohan reported.
The migrants arriving in Lesbos were crossing from Turkey.
Lesbos, which lies less than 10 kilometers from the Turkish coast in the north Aegean Sea, has been a primary gateway for thousands of migrants entering the European Union's outermost border this year.
Three migrants drowned off Lesbos on Sunday, while seven remain missing.
eu is currently online and in use in Lesbos, with plans to deploy the tool to the island of Kos, Greece next month.
Vural was initially scheduled to appear in court on Monday but the court was unable to take her statement due to the heavy workload of the Lesbos courthouse.
Shabana Mahmood talks to some of the refugees and, below left, more arrive on Lesbos by dinghy
To help, Len has been driving around Lesbos handing out bottles of water to families who have just arrived off the boats, and providing sleeping bags and mats donated by CAFOD supporters in the North West at refugee camps.
The Council of Europe Development Bank is lending 2 million to the North Aegean Region in Greece to co-finance two reception centres for migrants and refugees on the island of Lesbos.
Four children were among the victims of the accident involving a boat carrying 46 migrants from the northwestern Turkish port of Canakkale to the Greek island of Lesbos, Dogan news agency reported.