Lescot, Pierre

Lescot, Pierre

(pyĕr lĕskō`), c.1510–1578, French Renaissance architect. Appointed by Francis I to design a new royal palace in Paris, he built the earliest portions of what was later to become the vast palace of the LouvreLouvre
, foremost French museum of art, located in Paris. The building was a royal fortress and palace built by Philip II in the late 12th cent. In 1546 Pierre Lescot was commissioned by Francis I to erect a new building on the site of the Louvre.
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. In this, as in other known works, the fine sculptural decorations were executed by Jean GoujonGoujon, Jean
, c.1510–c.1566, French Renaissance sculptor and architect. Although his work reflects the Italian mannerist style, particularly of Cellini, he developed his own extremely elegant, elongated, and often lyrical forms.
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. To Lescot is attributed the original design of the Hôtel Carnavalet in Paris, later altered by François Mansart. His work is marked by the correct use of classical detail. Instead of following the monumental style of the Italians, Lescot created a more decorative interpretation of antiquity, distinguishing himself as one of the founders of the French tradition of classicism.

Lescot, Pierre

(1510–1578)
French architect responsible for rebuilding the Louvre in Paris.

Lescot, Pierre

 

Born circa 1500–15 in Paris (?); died Sept. 10, 1578, in Paris. French architect.

Lescot worked in Paris, primarily with the sculptor J. Goujon. His works, which include an ambo at the church of St. Germain l’Auxerrois (c. 1542–44, fragments in the Louvre) and the reconstruction of the Louvre (by 1574 only part of the Square Court was completed), represent the pinnacle of the French Renaissance and are marked by strongly articulated columns and entablatures, profuse sculptural decoration, and subtle handling of details. Lescot is believed to have designed the Lignières Hotel (now the Carnavalet, from 1544) and to have participated in the construction of the Fountain of Innocents (1547–49, not preserved in its original state).

REFERENCES

Hautecoeur, L. Histoire de l’architecture classique en France, vol. 1. Paris, 1965.
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