lese majesty

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lese majesty

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leze majesty

(both: lēz mă`jĭstē) [Fr. lèse majesté, Lat. laesae maiestatis (crimen)=(crime of) violating majesty], offense against the dignity of the sovereign of a state or of a state itself. The offense as such first appeared in Rome, though not defined with great exactness. Lese majesty seems to have been considered originally as a violation of the fundamental laws of the Roman state, a crime against the Roman people. When the Roman Empire replaced the republic, the crime became an offense against the person of the emperor, but it still included cases that were more generally designated treason; all attempts to upset the state, as well as actions or words derogatory to, or dangerous to, the state were interpreted as offenses against the sovereign's person. This personality cult became the main element in the term lese majesty, which in time was applied especially to physical or verbal attack on the sovereign. The legislation against the crime passed into Germanic law, and feudal law heightened the personalization of the concept because of the personal nature of the feudal bond. In most modern states the specific crime of lese majesty is confounded with, and included in, the crime of treasontreason,
legal term for various acts of disloyalty. The English law, first clearly stated in the Statute of Treasons (1350), originally distinguished high treason from petit (or petty) treason. Petit treason was the murder of one's lawful superior, e.g.
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. The decline of absolute monarchies hastened the disappearance of the crime, although it remained in German law until the fall of the German monarchy in 1918. While in some modern countries verbal or written attacks on the form of government, the head of the state, or public officials are made crimes analogous to lese majesty, in countries such as the United States that recognize the right to freedom of speech, the concept of lese majesty is severely restricted.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aside from being an outrageous attack on freedom of expression and academic freedom, Sulak Sivaraksa's case appears to be based on a wilful misinterpretation of the existing repressive law on lese majeste.
For millennia, suicide was lese majeste against the church/state, the supreme representation of legitimate authority for people who worship a god and want a good life in the hereafter.
He said the ban covers not only the film's distribution, but also video distribution, warning that video smugglers or distributors may face charges of lese majeste.
In places where Ion writes on the basis of secondary sources rather than primary sources, we occasionally find some questionable statements, for example, about the lese majeste incident of Uchimura Kanzo in 1891.
Why are they always committing lese majeste against the great queen Science?
Thailand's lese majeste laws were resulting in an increased number of prosecutions as opinions posted online ran into problems with the law
The ministry had criticised comments by Buntenh last week suggesting Cambodians, including the King, drank contaminated water - leading to speculation that Buntenh may be accused of violating a new lese majeste law.
King Bhumibol was sacralised and transformed into Dhammaraja, or god-king, encapsulated within the protective walls of a lese majeste law forbidding insult and defamation against him.
Thailand's criminal court convicted her in 2012 after ruling she had not personally committed a crime under the country's strict lese majeste laws, but noted that she took 20 days to remove the offending comment.
Thailand's strict lese majeste laws punish anyone who "defames, insults or threatens the king" or other senior royals.
This was another act of lese majeste that the US government would not forget.
The political conflict comes as the country quietly braces for the end of 86-year-old King Bhumibol Adulyadej's more than six-decade reign, amid uncertainty over the eventual succession process that cannot be discussed openly in Thailand due to strict lese majeste laws.