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Howard,English noble family. Landowners in Norfolk from the 13th cent., the Howards obtained the duchy of Norfolk through the marriage of Sir Robert Howard to Margaret Mowbray, daughter of Thomas Mowbray, 1st duke of Norfolk. Their son John Howard, 1st duke of NorfolkNorfolk, John Howard, 1st duke of
, 1430?–1485, English nobleman. The grandson of Thomas Mowbray, 1st duke of Norfolk, he held considerable estates in Norfolk.
..... Click the link for more information. (in the Howard line), received the title in 1483 when the direct Mowbray line died out. He was killed fighting for Richard III at Bosworth Field. His son, Thomas Howard, 2d duke of NorfolkNorfolk, Thomas Howard, 2d duke of,
1443–1524, English nobleman, son of John Howard, 1st duke of Norfolk. He fought at the battle of Bosworth (1485) in which his father was killed.
..... Click the link for more information. , was deprived of his title and estate by Henry VII, but he regained favor and was a prominent military commander under both Henry VII and Henry VIII. Two of Henry VIII's wives—Anne BoleynBoleyn, Anne
, 1507?–1536, second queen consort of Henry VIII and mother of Elizabeth I. She was the daughter of Sir Thomas Boleyn, later earl of Wiltshire and Ormonde, and on her mother's side she was related to the Howard family.
..... Click the link for more information. (mother of Elizabeth I) and Catherine HowardHoward, Catherine,
1521?–1542, fifth queen consort of Henry VIII of England. She was the daughter of Lord Edmund Howard and the niece of the powerful Thomas Howard, 3d duke of Norfolk. Henry married her soon after his divorce from Anne of Cleves in 1540.
..... Click the link for more information. —were members of the Howard family; they were both nieces of Thomas Howard, 3d duke of NorfolkNorfolk, Thomas Howard, 3d duke of,
1473–1554, English nobleman, prominent in the reign of Henry VIII; son of Thomas Howard, the 2d duke.
..... Click the link for more information. . He came into conflict with Henry after the execution of Catherine, and in 1546 he and his son, Henry Howard, earl of SurreySurrey, Henry Howard, earl of,
1517?–1547, English poet; son of Thomas Howard, 3d duke of Norfolk. His irascibility and continuous vaunting of his descent from Edward I resulted in his imprisonment on several occasions.
..... Click the link for more information. , were both accused of treason. The latter was executed, but his father was restored to the title in 1553 on the accession of Mary I. His grandson, Thomas Howard, 4th duke of NorfolkNorfolk, Thomas Howard, 4th duke of,
1536–72, English nobleman, son of Henry Howard, earl of Surrey. He succeeded his grandfather, the 3d duke, in 1554.
..... Click the link for more information. , was beheaded in 1572 for conspiring on behalf of Mary Queen of Scots. His forfeited titles were gradually restored to the family in the 17th cent.—earl of Surrey (1603), earl of Norfolk (1644), duke of Norfolk (1660). The office of earl marshal has long been hereditary to the dukes of Norfolk, but because of the family's Roman Catholicism, they were not able to exercise the office until empowered to by special statute in 1824. The present head of the Howard family is Edward William Fitzalan-Howard, 18th duke of Norfolk, b. 1956. Norfolk is the oldest and premier dukedom in England. The title of earl of Arundel and Surrey passes to the heir apparent of the dukedom. The cadet branches of the Howard house are numerous.
1. Catherine. ?1521--42, fifth wife of Henry VIII of England; beheaded
2. Charles, Lord Howard of Effingham and 1st Earl of Nottingham. 1536--1624, Lord High Admiral of England (1585--1618). He commanded the fleet that defeated the Spanish Armada (1588)
3. Sir Ebenezer. 1850--1928, English town planner, who introduced garden cities
4. Henry. See (Earl of) Surrey
5. John. 1726--90, English prison reformer
6. John Winston. born 1939, Australian politician; prime minister of Australia from 1996
7. Leslie. real name Leslie Howard Stainer. 1890--1943, British actor of Hungarian descent. His many films included The Scarlet Pimpernel (1938), Pygmalion (1938), and Gone With the Wind (1939)
8. Trevor. 1916-88, British actor. His many films include Brief Encounter (1946), The Third Man (1949), Ryan's Daughter (1970), and White Mischief (1987)