Lev Ivanov

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Related to Lev Ivanov: George Balanchine, Marius Petipa

Ivanov, Lev Ivanovich


Born Feb. 18 (Mar. 2), 1834, in Moscow; died Dec. 11 (24), 1901, in St. Petersburg. Russian ballet dancer and choreographer.

Upon graduating from the St. Petersburg Theatrical School in 1852, Ivanov was accepted into the Imperial Ballet, where he became premier danseur in 1869. He was the first to perform the roles of Gyges in Pugni’s Le Roi Candaule and Basil and Solor in Minkus’ Don Quixote and La Bayadere. In 1885 he became assistant balletmaster of the Mariinskii Theater, working with M.I. Petipa. In 1887, Ivanov staged the ballets The Enchanted Forest by Drigo and The Tulip of Harlem by Schell in the Romantic tradition. Exceptional musicality allowed him to create outstanding models of the symphonic treatment of the dance, both character (the Polovetsian dances in Borodin’s opera Prince Igor, 1890) and classical (dance of the snowflakes in The Nutcracker, 1892, and Acts II and IV in Swan Lake, 1895, both by Tchaikovsky). The poetic quality of the characters was embodied by Ivanov in perfect choreographic form. His work represents the highest point of the academic style in the history of Russian ballet.


Krasovskaia, V. Russkii baletnyi teatr vtoroi poloviny XIX veka. Leningrad-Moscow, 1963. Pages 337–401.


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Its original conception was a collaboration of Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov, the visionary choreographers behind Swan Lake.
The original ballet, which was largely choreographed not by Petipa, who was ill, but by his assistant, Lev Ivanov, was moderately well received at its Russian premiere but never attained the popularity of The Sleeping Beauty or the later Petipa/Ivanov collaboration, Swan Lake.
Then the ballet's creators were the legendary Lev Ivanov and Marius Petipa.
But revived and freshly choreographed by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov in St.
It was for them in 1895 that Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov created the particular version of Swan Lake from which virtually every other one derives.
It is also a show which has its basis in Russian choreography, from Marius Petipa to the later Lev Ivanov.
The corps sections became not just filler for allowing the principals to rest but a necessary amplification of that rich, uniquely mellow classicism in the manner of choreographer Lev Ivanov, to which Balanchine was alluding.
Grigorovich updated the 1969 choreography (after Marius Petipa, Lev Ivanov, and Aleksander Gorsky) and brought back the tragic ending, which was originally banned by the Soviet cultural authorities.
Petipa received the French libretto (Casse-Noisette) and the music as it was written for the ballet, but he became ill and so his assistant Lev Ivanov continued the work.
The 1895 choreography by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov for the Russian Imperial Ballet at the Maryinsky--which left behind Julius Reisinger's 1877 original choreography for the Bolshoi--has been revised here, mangled there.
In 1892 Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov premiered the original Nutcracker in St.
In fact, when Lev Ivanov and Peter Tchaikovsky wrote their two-act version of the story ballet in 1892, it was already translated from a tale related by E.