Lev Ivanov


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Related to Lev Ivanov: George Balanchine, Marius Petipa

Ivanov, Lev Ivanovich

 

Born Feb. 18 (Mar. 2), 1834, in Moscow; died Dec. 11 (24), 1901, in St. Petersburg. Russian ballet dancer and choreographer.

Upon graduating from the St. Petersburg Theatrical School in 1852, Ivanov was accepted into the Imperial Ballet, where he became premier danseur in 1869. He was the first to perform the roles of Gyges in Pugni’s Le Roi Candaule and Basil and Solor in Minkus’ Don Quixote and La Bayadere. In 1885 he became assistant balletmaster of the Mariinskii Theater, working with M.I. Petipa. In 1887, Ivanov staged the ballets The Enchanted Forest by Drigo and The Tulip of Harlem by Schell in the Romantic tradition. Exceptional musicality allowed him to create outstanding models of the symphonic treatment of the dance, both character (the Polovetsian dances in Borodin’s opera Prince Igor, 1890) and classical (dance of the snowflakes in The Nutcracker, 1892, and Acts II and IV in Swan Lake, 1895, both by Tchaikovsky). The poetic quality of the characters was embodied by Ivanov in perfect choreographic form. His work represents the highest point of the academic style in the history of Russian ballet.

REFERENCE

Krasovskaia, V. Russkii baletnyi teatr vtoroi poloviny XIX veka. Leningrad-Moscow, 1963. Pages 337–401.

V. M. KRASOVSKAIA

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Marius Petipa (1822-1910) y su asistente Lev Ivanov (1834-1901 ) fueron coreografos del Ballet Imperial de San Petersburgo que colaboraron en la composicion coreografica del ballet El lago de los cisnes a finales del siglo XIX, mientras que el maestro Enrico Cecchetti (1850-1928) se distinguio primero como un gran bailarin y posteriormente como un pedagogo innovador en la ensenanza del ballet.
For this production, Nicolas and Greg used the choreography by Marias Petipa and Lev Ivanov, devised more than 100 years ago for the Russian Imperial Ballet.
El 17 de diciembre de 1893 se estreno en el Teatro Marinski de San Petersburgo Cendrillon (La Cenicienta), con coreografia de Enrico Cecchetti (acto I y III) y Lev Ivanov (acto II), bajo la supervision de Marius Petipa, con musica de Baron Boris Fitinhof'Schell, libreto de Lydia Pashkova e Ivan Vsevolozhsky.
The choreography set by Lev Ivanov for the premiere, at the Marriinsky Theatre, St Petersburg, in 1919, was retained in every detail for many years.
By 1895 it was restaged by choreographers Lev Ivanov and Marius Petipa in St Petersburg and turned into the successful ballet drama we know today.
But The Nutcracker, when so very little of the original Lev Ivanov choreography has been preserved, strikes me as fairer game.
The version everyone knows is based on the total reworking of the ballet by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov in 1895 for the St.
And most of all, the choreography, laid out more than 100 years ago by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov for the Russian Imperial Ballet.
Alas, the original 19th century choreography by Marius Petipa and Lev Ivanov leaves the young Moldovan with little to do for the first two acts but walk around gazing soulfully skywards.
Balanchine--especially as guarded by the Balanchine Foundation and Trust and as recorded on video and in various dance notations--should not suffer the switches and changes now regarded as fair game when dealing with nineteenth-century choreographers such as Lev Ivanov and Marius Petipa, Balanchine's own special inspiration.
The original ballet, which was largely choreographed not by Petipa, who was ill, but by his assistant, Lev Ivanov, was moderately well received at its Russian premiere but never attained the popularity of The Sleeping Beauty or the later Petipa/Ivanov collaboration, Swan Lake.
Then the ballet's creators were the legendary Lev Ivanov and Marius Petipa.