Lexical Meaning


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Lexical Meaning: Lexical analysis

Lexical Meaning

 

the meaning of a word that is inherent only in a given lexical unit, as opposed to the grammatical meaning of whole classes and categories of words. The lexical content of most autonomous lexemes is heterogeneous and represents a sense structure, a hierarchical collateral subordination of the individual meanings, or from another standpoint, the lexical-semantic variants of a word. This organizational property of lexical semantics is called polysemy, or the semantic variation of a word. Depending on the object and notional relationship of a word, meanings can be literal and metaphorical; depending on the degree of contextual conditionality, meanings can be free, phraseologically bound, or constructively conditioned.

REFERENCES

Akhmanova, O. S. Ocherki po obshchei i russkoi leksikologii. Moscow, 1957.
Katsnel’son, S. D. Soderzhanie slova, inachenie i oboznachenie. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.
Schmidt, W. Lexikalische und aktuelle Bedeutnng, 4th ed. Berlin, 1967.
Ufimtseva, A. A. Slovo v leksiko-semanticheskoi sisteme iazyka. Moscow, 1968.
Ullmann, S. Semantics: An Introduction to the Science of Meaning. Oxford, 1964.
Vinogradov, V. V. “Osnovnye tipy leksicheskikh znachenii slova.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1953, no. 5.

A. A. UFIMTSEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
divided into type--changing derivation, which significantly alters the profiled concept in the framepresupposed by the lexical meaning specified by the root, and function--indicating derivation, which changes its syntactic category, but with much smaller semantic effects [.
1) Auxiliaries express their lexical meaning while light verbs don't.
Out of 181 intersentential prepositions in the speech, nearly half of them were prepositions with lexical meanings.
Michaelis 2004:24-30) produced by the AMC construction: it changes the semantic type or even the lexical meaning of a non-processual nominalization, and requires for a processual mine-nominalization to combine with a subject genitive.
Compositionality, together with the systematicity of complex meanings, places a context-independence constraint on the properties of lexical meanings.
However, this does not diminish the book's undoubted appeal and value to those working in areas such as the interpretation of lexical meaning and the construction of identity and otherness, as well as the history of sexual identity.
To amend this highly unsatisfactory situation in the study of lexical meaning, the authors aim at constructing of what they call a "sociolexicological approach" to lexicon and grammar, based on semasiological and onomasiological variation, in which
2006, Argumentloblique alternations and the structure of lexical meaning, Stanford University dissertation, Stanford.
He once again stresses the important claim that singular expressions are tools for communicating individual concepts, from which it follows that 'the interpretation of singular expressions is constrained to concepts which are taken to denote individuals' (206), and that 'whereas lexical meaning is sensitive to the distinction between individual and other concepts, the truth-conditions of thought are sensitive to distinctions within the class of individual concepts, distinctions to which linguistic meaning is blind' (209).
However, lexical meaning goes beyond syntax and, in fact, it includes semantic, pragmatic and world knowledge that seems to be fundamental for, say, the development of natural language applications, i.
6%) is by far the most prominent, to which the original lexical meaning is connected, while the percentage of epistemic (13 instances: 9.
If the lexical meaning of the noun encodes a scale along a dimension, then the pseudopartitive construction is compatible with the noun, as in the case of 'warmth, heat'.