Lexicalization


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Lexicalization

 

the transformation of certain language elements or combinations of them into vocabulary units—lexemes or phraseological combinations.

Lexicalization of syntactic combinations supplements the phraseology of a national language; the meaning of words entering into a phraseologism changes completely or partially (Russian derzhat’ kamen ’za pazukhoi, “to harbor a grudge,” literally, “to keep a stone in one’s bosom”). In some instances the lexicalization of word combinations is a word-formative process, the result of which is concretions (plashch-palatka, “waterproof cape”), abbreviations (vuz for vysshee uchebnoe zavedenie, “institution of higher education,” and mestkom for mestnyi komitet, “local trade union committee”), and adverbs such as smolodu (”from one’s youth”) and podelom (”it serves [him] right”).

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Paying attention to the schematic structure of the data, I mapped out patterns of created images that reflect electorates' expectations from a potential president such as experience, education, and integrity and these images were created with metaphors, lexicalizations, modalities, and thematic roles.
Note that we assume that non-lexicalized constructions can be non-compositional (Hartl 2015) and reject the view that semantic non-compositionality always comes with lexicalization (Schlucker & Huning 2009: 221).
For according to them these two types of MWE are at the center of the spectrum of compositional variation where the internal cohesion together with a high degree of variability in lexicalization and language-dependent variation can be observed.
Even though -bora derivatives are relatively transparent, we also come across some instances of lexicalization such as candelbora 'acolyte' and wrohtbora 'the devil'.
Age-based variance in error patterns suggested that analogical reading errors and lexicalization correspond to different mechanisms (e.
Lexicalization is an important device employed to convey various implicit and explicit ideologies.
Lexicalization is a major and well known domain of ideological expression and persuasion, and the use of this device is prominent here showing Islam as violent and the Muslims as hardliners and a threat to the West.
Lexicalization is a major and well known domain of ideological expression and persuasion and the use of this device is prominent here showing Islam and the Muslims hardliners and a threat to the West.
Further, I explore the lexicalization of the decomposed Path structure I defend and test the predictions against the empirical domain of syncretisms between the spatial roles Source, Goal, and Location.
All of the negative lexicalization used for describing the organizers was attributed to international Islam and a mental model was created for the recipients to evaluate the whole event in this framework.