Lexicology


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Lexicology

 

the division of linguistics in which the vocabulary of a language is studied.

Semantics (semasiology), the study of word formation, etymology, and stylistics are closely linked with lexicology. One of the central problems of lexicology is that of the separability of a word as an independent unit of the vocabulary of a language. Contemporary lexicology, like grammar, is guided by the concept of correlating (interconnected) categories; these correlating lexicological, as well as semantic, categories include monosemy and polysemy, synonymy, and antonymy, and free and bound meanings of words. In studying vocabulary as a system, the lexicologist is looking at the interaction between meanings of words and concepts; concepts are mostly international, whereas the meanings of words are national.

Lexicology is involved with the study of the regularities in the functioning and development of the vocabulary of a language. It elaborates principles for stylistic classification of words; norms of literary word usage in its correlation with popular speech; problems regarding professional words, dialectal words, archaisms, and neologisms; and normalizations of lexicalized word groups (idiomatics and phraseology). The study of sociopolitical and scientific and technical terminology constitutes a special division of lexicology. Lexicology is closely linked with lexicography.

REFERENCES

Smirnitskii, A. I. “K voprosu o slove.” Tr. In-ta iazykoznaniia, 1954, vol. 4.
Akhmanova, O. S. Ocherki po obshchei i russkoi leksikologii. Moscow, 1957.
Voprosy teorii iazyka v sovremennoi zarubezhnoi lingvistike. Moscow, 1961.
Shmelev, D. N. Problemy semanticheskogo analiza leksiki. Moscow, 1973.
Ullmann, S. The Principles of Semantics, 2nd ed. Glasgow, 1959.
Hallig, R., and W. von Wartburg. Begriffssystem als Grundlage für die Lexikographie, 2nd ed. Berlin, 1963.
References in periodicals archive ?
Tom McArthur has a cogent definition of lexicology in his Oxford Companion to the English Language:
As my friend suggested, lexicology helps us understand differences between the two labels: "inter," means "between, among, amid" (OED [Oxford English Dictionary] 1989, vol.
Chomsky looks at the misleading political and media lexicology, or "newspeak", used in mainstream coverage.
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In the world economic lexicology a new definition called "countries with transition economies" was created.
By reaching to the devices characteristic of the grotesque, and extending the levels of impact of the grotesque in a work from theme, plot or image to those of style, namely, narration and lexicology, modernists put in doubt the effectiveness of rules governing artistic expression: the grotesque was no longer a phenomenon of the "represented world" but became a "mechanism" by which the new meaning was created (Bolecki 1991: 120, 123-124).
The courses offer an opportunity to study all aspects of learning the French language including grammar, spelling, lexicology, style, critical analysis of texts, essay writing, conversation and pronunciation.
This usage is flatly incorrect by the standards of history, grammar, lexicology, and protocol.
The book contains chapters on syntax, "Wortbildungsparadigmata," lexicology, and semantics predominantly focused on hapax legomena.
The first includes all of the fields in which structural analysis plays a crucial role: phonology, lexicology, lexicography, morphology, grammar, syntactics, semantics, rhetoric, and discourse analysis; as well as bibliographies, glossaries, annotations, encyclopedias, and the like.
14) Pope John Paul II, no friend of liberationism, has nonetheless significantly advanced the Catholic lexicology of reconciliation by elaborating and promoting as theological and religious virtues the socially oriented values that seem integral to it, especially apology, contrition, forgiveness, and openness to dialogue.
15 Lexicology, Marcin- Lexical Semantics, keviciene Journalistic Writing Josh joshua.