Leyte

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Leyte

(lā`tē, –tā), island (1990 pop. 1,689,756), 2,785 sq mi (7,213 sq km), one of the Visayan IslandsVisayan Islands
, large island group (1990 pop. 13,794,991), c.24,000 sq mi (62,160 sq km), in and around the Visayan Sea, central Philippines. The group includes Bohol, Cebu, Leyte, Masbate, Negros, Panay, Samar, and hundreds of smaller islands.
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, the Philippines, between LuzonLuzon
, island (1990 pop. 30,797,458), 40,420 sq mi (104,688 sq km), largest, most populous, and most important of the Philippine Islands. Land and People
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 and MindanaoMindanao
, island (1990 pop. 13,535,738), 36,537 sq mi (94,631 sq km), second largest of the Philippine islands, NE of Borneo. About one fifth of the island's population is Muslim (see Moros).
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. A fertile agricultural land, it is the nation's leading producer of sweet potatoes and bananas and a major producer of corn and peanuts. It has commercial coconut plantations and extensive forest reserves; lumbering is an important industry. In World War II, Leyte was occupied by the Japanese in early 1942. It was the scene of the first main American landing (Oct. 20, 1944) in the campaign to recover the Philippines. That landing was followed by the battle of Leyte Gulf (Oct. 23–26, 1944), widely considered one of the greatest naval engagements of all time, in which American naval forces destroyed the Japanese fleet. The island has suffered the effects of at times devastating and deadly tropical storms and typhoons, most notably in 1991 and 2013.

Bibliography

See T. J. Cutler, The Battle of Leyte Gulf (1994) and E. Thomas, Sea of Thunder (2006).

Leyte

 

an island in the Philippine archipelago, north of the island of Mindanao. Length (from north to south), 183 km. Area, 7,200 sq km. Mountain terrain predominates, with elevations up to 1,350 m (Mount Lobi). In the west Leyte is composed of sandstones, shales, and coral limestones, and in the east it is composed of alluvial deposits. The island is capped by numerous extinct volcanoes. It has a subequatorial, monsoonal climate, with up to 2,000 mm of precipitation per year. Evergreen and deciduous (monsoon) tropical forests are found on the island. There is cultivation of coconut palm, sugarcane, abaca, and corn. Tacloban is the chief city and port.

Leyte

an island in the central Philippines, in the Visayan Islands. Chief town: Tacloban. Pop.: 1 362 050 (1990). Area: 7215 sq. km (2786 sq. miles)