Libreville

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Libreville

(lēbrəvēl`), city (1993 est. pop. 362,400), capital of Gabon, a port on the Gabon River estuary, near the Gulf of Guinea. Primarily an administrative center, it is also a trade center for a lumbering region. The city was founded in 1843 as a French trading station. Freed slaves were sent there, and in 1848 it was named Libreville [Fr.,=freetown]. It was the chief port of French Equatorial Africa before the development (1934–46) of Pointe-NoirePointe-Noire
, city (1984 pop. 294,203), SW Republic of the Congo, Africa, a port on the Atlantic Ocean. Offshore oil drilling and oil refining are the city's most important economic activities. The port exports oil, tropical timber, cotton, palm products, peanuts, and coffee.
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, in the Congo. Gabon's school of administration and school of law are in Libreville. An international airport is nearby.

Libreville

 

capital of Gabon and political, industrial, and cultural center of the country. Situated on the Gulf of Guinea of the Atlantic Ocean, in the Gabon estuary. The climate is equatorial; the average temperature during the coldest month (July) is 24°C and during the warmest month (April) it is 27°C. Annual precipitation totals 2,648 mm. Population, approximately 80,000 (1972; 15,000 in 1950).

The city is administered by an elected municipal council headed by a mayor who is also elected.

Libreville was founded in 1849 near the site where the French fleet established an anchorage in the estuary of the Gabon River in 1843. At the end of the 19th century it became the main base for French expansion in Gabon and the center of French expansion in Gabon and the center of French trade in the colony. During World War II (1939–45) Libreville was occupied by military units of the Free French (from November 1940) and by British forces and was one of the centers of armed struggle against the Vichy regime. In 1960, Libreville became the capital of the independent Gabonese Republic.

Libreville is a seaport handling half a million tons of freight a year (1971); it exports valuable tropical lumber. It has an airport of international importance. There are enterprises of the food industry, including a brewery and a flour mill, and tobacco, textile (cotton printing), clothing, sawmilling, plywood, and metalworking industries. The city has shipyards and a steam power plant. In Owendo, near Libreville, there is a cement plant that grinds imported clinker, and a deepwater port is under construction (1973).

Libreville is the site of a research bureau for geology and mining. It also has several branches of French scientific research institutes and centers for agriculture, the biological sciences, and several of the humanities.

Libreville

the capital of Gabon, in the west on the estuary of the Gabon River: founded as a French trading post in 1843 and expanded with the settlement of freed slaves in 1848. Pop.: 649 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Addressing a dinner event at the ministerial preparatory meeting of the Tokyo International Conference on African Development in Libreville, Gabon, Komura said Japan hopes to further expand the network of support for development on the continent created through TICAD.
Embassy, based in Libreville, Gabon, discusses religious freedom issues with the Government as part of its overall policy to promote human rights.
Speaking from Libreville, Gabon, where they arrived late Friday after a day of futile efforts to bring Mobutu and Kabila together aboard a South African warship, senior members of the delegation of President Clinton's special envoy to Zaire, Bill Richardson, said that with heavy Angolan support Kabila was now preparing to take the capital, Kinshasa, by force if necessary.
South African Airways (SAA), the world's most awarded airline to Africa, announced that it continues to expand, serving more of Africa than any other airline with new connecting service from Washington Dulles to Abidjan, Ivory Coast, and Libreville, Gabon through its daily non-stop service to Dakar, Senegal.
The meeting of ministers in Libreville, Gabon, will take place after the meeting of experts from the Consultative Commission, representatives of specialist bodies, members, technicians and financiers from the CEEAC, according to the communiqu from this Central African organisation covering ten member States.
TUNIS, (TAP) - Tunisia's Club Africain defeated Congo's Inter Club 32-19 at an Africa Clubs Championship for Winners' Cup Group A day-4 game played on Tuesday evening in Libreville, Gabon.
The plane, owned by the US company Global Aviation, took off from Kano in northern Nigeria on Monday evening towards Libreville, Gabon.
African Export-Import Bank (Afreximbank) President Jean-Louis Ekra made the call in an address at the opening of the 20th meeting of the Bank's Advisory Group on Trade Finance and the Export Development in Africa in Libreville, Gabon, Wednesday.
Levinson will be permanently based in the organization's headquarters in Libreville, Gabon.
This week's scheduled meetings between rebels, the government and the country's political opposition in Libreville, Gabon, come a month after fighters from several armed groups began their rebellion against a government that has wielded little power over its vast and sparsely populated north.
LyBREVyLLE (CyHAN)- Turkish PM Erdogan addressed Turkish and Gabonese businessmen at a forum held in Cite de la Democratie, a neighborhood in Libreville, Gabon on Sunday.