Libyan Desert


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Libyan Desert,

northeast part of the Sahara Desert, NE Africa, in SW Egypt, E Libya, and NW Sudan; called the Western Desert in Egypt. It is a region of sand dunes, stony plains, and rocky plateaus. There are few inhabitants and little traffic across it. Al Kufrah, Libya, is the chief oasis.

Libyan Desert

 

a desert in Africa, in the northeastern part of the Sahara, west of the Nile River. It lies within eastern Libya, western Egypt, and the northern part of the Sudan, covering an area of about 2 million sq km. The northern part of the desert is low-lying and covered by sand dunes up to 300 m in height. In the northeast there are deep tectonic depressions: Qattara (133 m below sea level), Siwa, and Faiyum. The southern part is a rocky and sandy plateau 400–500 m in elevation with outlier massifs rising to 1,934 m (al-Uwaynat). Most of the area has a tropical, desert climate; in the north the climate is Mediterranean and semidesert. The mean January temperature is 12°-18°C, and July temperatures average 28°-35°C. Daily temperature fluctuations reach 15°-16°C. Annual precipitation totals less than 25 mm, although the northern part may receive 50–100 mm. Sometimes there is no rainfall for several years. The Libyan Desert has almost no dry water-courses (wadis). The sparse vegetation consists of desert acacia, tamarisk, and wormwood. Oases occur where the groundwater rises to the surface. The largest oases are Siwa, Bahariya, Faiyum, Dakhla, Kharga, al-Kufrah, and Farafra. Most of the population is concentrated in the oases and the chief occupations are farming (date palms, peaches and apricots, and cereals) and livestock raising. The Faiyum and Kharga oases are connected by rail with the Nile Valley. There is an iron ore deposit in Bahariya.

Libyan Desert

a desert in N Africa, in E Libya, W Egypt, and the NW Sudan: the NE part of the Sahara
References in periodicals archive ?
The shells are now being guarded at the two sites in the Libyan desert where the rebels found them.
Gaddafi, his son Mussatim, and his Defense Minister, Abu Bakr Younis, were buried on Tuesday in unmarked graves somewhere in the Libyan desert.
Bani Walid, Gaddafi's hometown of Sirte and the loyalist town of Sabha, deep in the Libyan desert, have been mentioned.
Attacks by Muammar Gaddafi's forces on water engineers deep in the Libyan desert have caused a widespread water shortage in the capital, Tripoli, according to a rebel official.
Their war was to take them first to Palestine, then under British control, and later to the Libyan desert in the early stages of a long campaign that was eventually to see the Germans and Italians chased out of North Africa in the aftermath of El Alamein.
Meanwhile, RAF jets have attacked a military vehicle depot in the Libyan desert.
Last month Mohammad Ismail, a confidante of Gadhafi's son Seif al-Islam, offered the West a way out by proposing Seif as leader while his father headed to his Elba in either the Libyan desert or Sudan.
Tornado GR4 jets from RAF Marham in Norfolk flew deep into the Libyan desert in the early hours of yesterday morning to destroy ammunition bunkers at Sabha being used by Gaddafi's military to attack opposition-held towns like Misrata.
AFP quoted a British Defense Ministry source as saying that Tornado GR 4 fighters launched operations against ammunition stores in the Libyan Desert city of Sabha.
American Secretary of Defense Robert Gates - who is raising concerns in regard to his possible attempt to implicate the Egyptian revolution in the sands of the Libyan desert - did not find anything alarming at first at the level of the turmoil in Sana'a, Aden, Taez and Mukalla except for the "shifting of the attention away from Al-Qaeda in the Arab Peninsula.
The story began in 1977, when motorcyclist Thierry Sabine got lost in the Libyan desert during an Abidjan-Nice rally and decided to create a race route that started in Europe and finished in Africa.
There are more than one hundred Bulgarian nationals in the Libyan desert, who are blocked there as they can't reach Tripoli or contact the Bulgarian Embassy in the Jamahiriy," Rossen Rusanov, a Bulgarian national, who works at a camp of the major Austrian company VAOS, told Darik radio via Skype.