Lidiia Ruslanova

Ruslanova, Lidiia Andreevna

 

Born Oct. 14 (27), 1900, in the village of Chernavka, in what is now Saratov Oblast; died Sept. 21, 1973, in Moscow. Soviet estrada (variety stage) contralto. Honored Artist of the RSFSR (1942).

Ruslanova studied voice with the singer and teacher M. E. Medvedev in Saratov and made her professional debut in 1917. During the Civil War (1918–20) she entertained Red Army soldiers with Russian folk songs. Ruslanova debuted as an estrada singer in 1923 in Rostov-on-Don. She sang with the theater bureau of the Central House of the Red Army from 1925 to 1932, with the musical estrada administration of the State Association of Music, Estrada, and Circus Enterprises from 1933 to 1948, and with the All-Union Concert Tour Association beginning in 1953.

Ruslanova’s repertoire primarily included Russian folk songs and songs by Soviet composers. She introduced Aleksandrov’s adaptation of the “Far East Partisan Song” (“Over valleys and hills …”) and Blanter’s songs “The Partisan Zhelezniak” and “The Enemies Have Burnt My Hut.”

REFERENCE

Dmitriev, Iu. “Lidiia Ruslanova.” In Voobrazhaemyi kontsert. [Leningrad] 1971.
References in periodicals archive ?
The first and larger part of Songs for Fat People presents biographies and critical evaluations of eleven of the most prominent estrada performers of the period under analysis: Izabella Iur'eva, Tamara Tsereteli, Iurii Morfessi, Petr Leshchenko, Vadim Kozin, Aleksandr Vertinskii, Leonid Utesov, Klavdiia Shul'zhenko, Mark Bernes, Lidiia Ruslanova and Liudmila Zykina.