had been an early and vociferous opponent of Germany's aggression in World War I, and, during the postarmistice months, a fierce far-left critic of the senior Ebert's efforts to establish a centrist Social Democratic government.
The failed uprising ended with the murders of Liebknecht
and his close ally, Rosa Luxemburg.
She and Liebknecht
were both released from prison in 1918 and started the Red Flag (Rote Fahne) newspaper.
was less lucky than Galileo with his "Medicean Stars" (Jupiter's four satellites) or William Herschel when he named his own new planet (now known as Uranus) "Georgium Sidus" after England's King George III.
Some observers found it symbolic that the meeting was held in the same auditorium where the German Communist Party was founded 84 years ago by leaders like Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht
, whose memory was marked the same day by the traditional annual march of tens of thousands of leftists from Berlin and many other German and foreign places.
Among tyranny's victims are Karl Liebknecht
and Rosa Luxemburg, Marxists who were in fact murdered "while trying to escape" after the suppression of the Spartacist (communist) uprising in Berlin in 1919.
In My Century, you evoke a series of historical events and a certain number of them touched me very much--I am thinking of the story of the little boy who goes to the Liebknecht
demonstration and pees on his father's back.
BERLIN: Police briefly detained over 200 demonstrators taking part in a banned march in Berlin yesterday to commemorate communist martyrs Rosa Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht
And when the socialist leaders in country after country, with few exceptions (Ramsay MacDonald in England, Leon Jaures in France, Karl Liebknecht
and Rosa Luxemburg in Germany), meekly joined the march to war, my father was only slightly disturbed.
the police execution of the Sparticist leaders Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebknecht
in January 1919--he is generally positive in his presentation even in explaining the Weimar police failure in their dealing with Nazi marauders.
Kollwitz' Karl Liebknecht
Memorial is a dramatic black-and-white woodcut depicting the mourners of the fallen leader of the post-World-War-I Spartacist movement.
in his essay "Military Pedagogy" is no less trenchant.