life-world

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life-world

( Lebenswelt ) the natural attitude’ involved in everyday conceptions of reality, which includes ‘not only the “nature” experienced…, but also the social world’ (Schutz and Luckmann, The Structures of the Life-World, 1973).

Whereas HUSSERL'S PHENOMENOLOGY bracketed the ‘life-world’, for SCHUTZ it was the major task of SOCIAL PHENOMENOLOGY to uncover the basis of this ‘natural habitat’ of social life (of actors’ social competence), with its central problem of human ‘understanding’. For Schutz it is the ‘taken-for-granted’, ‘routine’ character of the life-world which is most striking (e.g. in contrast with SCIENCE). The ‘stocks of knowledge’ (‘what everybody knows’ – see also MUTUAL KNOWLEDGE) and the ‘interpretive schemes’ employed by social actors in bringing off everyday action, as made apparent by Schutz, become the subject matter of ETHNOMETHODOLOGY. Schutz's thinking has also influenced GIDDENS’ formulation of STRUCTURATION THEORY. see also PRACTICAL CONSCIOUSNESS.

References in periodicals archive ?
In traditional lifeworld discourse, we make the tough decisions by engaging nuance, value and ethical considerations.
Communicative action, in the form of conscious interaction, takes place within or against the background of the cultural lifeworld.
Because of this the first author chose to conduct Lifeworld research in such a way as to allow the mundane ground, 'der grundende Boden', (Husserl, 1954, [section]34) to be exposed and uncovered.
Using the aforementioned TPB case as a jumping off point, Burkart argues for the use of NSM theory to interrogate the cyberculture at the heart of pirate politics while relying on Habermasian critical theory to place the movement in the context of a counterhegemonic force pushing back against the colonization of the digital lifeworld.
In Maurice Merleau-Ponty's words, the lifeworld makes our visual experience possible and fulfills it (2002: 230).
De meme, la verite n'est pas une propriete intrinseque ou statique d'une croyance; elle est plutot ce qui arrive a une croyance lorsque celle-ci est invoquee, activee, mise a l'Luvre et realisee dans le lifeworld {ibid.
existence surfaces from the depth of the lifeworld.
Further, he argues that the system world attempts to colonize the value system of the lifeworld, which is problematic:
A key concept in phenomenology is the lifeworld, which is considered as the fundamental layer of consciousness--the everyday, covert, primordial, self-evident, and pre-reflective stratum, from which people's overt and explicit thinking originates (Husserl, 1970).
The examination of the lifeworld is practically unaffected by mundane history.
For example, there are elements of the human lifeworld.
Thus, environmental philosophers (in particular), but also the scientific and policy experts, must address agriculture in a manner that is both vital for conceptions of sustainability and operational from theoretical enclaves into the polity's lifeworld of agricultural practice, heritage, and behaviour.