Liliaceae


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Related to Liliaceae: Orchidaceae, Fabaceae, Solanaceae

Liliaceae

[‚lil·ē′ās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A family of the order Liliales distinguished by six stamens, typically narrow, parallel-veined leaves, and a superior ovary.

Liliaceae

 

a family of monocotyledonous plants. They are perennial grasses with rhizomes, bulbs, or corms. Less frequently they have woody stems and are arborescent; a few are lianas. The leaves are entire and often narrow. The flowers are usually bisexual, regular or slightly irregular in form, and pentacyclic; they are generally trimerous and often gathered in racemes, panicles, and other inflorescences. The perianths are generally brightly colored. The pistils are syncarpous. The ovary is usually superior; however, sometimes it is half-inferior or inferior. The fruit is a capsule or, sometimes, a berry.

Approximately 250 genera of Liliaceae, comprising 4,000 species, are distributed throughout the world. In the USSR there are 45 genera (approximately 650 species). Many species grow in the steppes, in semiarid regions, and on mountains. A number of subfamilies (particularly Asparagoideae, Allioideae, Smilacoideae, and, less frequently, Agavoideae) are separated into different families. The Liliaceae include many useful plants. The onion, garlic, and asparagus are important vegetables. Several plants, such as New Zealand flax and desert candle, are used in industry. Lily of the valley, aloe, sea onion, false hellebore, and autumn crocus are drug-yielding plants. The Liliaceae include numerous ornamentals, such as lily, tulip, hyacinth, fritillary, autumn crocus, yucca, dracena, and aloe. Wild representatives include false lily of the valley, lily of the valley, onion, Solomon’s seal, Gagea, squill, grape hyacinth, and star-of-Bethlehem.

REFERENCES

Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

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7% to the following Families Caricaceae, Passifloraceae, Rosaceae, Asclepiadaceae and Liliaceae.
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Important families: Liliaceae, Amaryllidaceae, Alliaceae.
Other well-known genera in the Liliaceae family are Aloe (e.
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Family Name (Latin and Common): Liliaceae, the Lily family
Looking at the antitumor activities of specific saponins, Yutaka Sashida, a chemist at the Tokyo University of Pharmacy and Life Science in Japan, reports that agents extracted from plants in the Liliaceae family, which includes garden lilies, test well in fighting cancer.
Although little was known of the chemistry of the Orchidaceae, plants of this family were investigated because of its close relationship to the Liliaceae.
Habitat: A bulb-corm of the family Liliaceae which grows to about 10cm in woods and marshy fields in Europe and North Africa.