Lille


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Lille

(lēl), city (1990 pop. 178,301), capital of Nord dept., N France, near the Belgian border. With its central position in NW Europe, Lille became a great commercial, cultural, and manufacturing center, long known for its textile products—notably lisle (the name is derived from an older spelling of the city's name). Intense industrial expansion began in the 1960s, strengthened by the establishment (1967) of a metropolitan community uniting almost 90 towns with a total population of over 900,000. Steel, iron, metalworking, and chemicals were among the city's flourishing manufactures. By the 1990s, however, competiton from Southeast Asia and within Europe, including the former Eastern bloc, resulted in reduced production and high unemployment in the area.

Lille was the chief city of the county of Flanders, a brilliant residence of the 16th-century dukes of Burgundy, and (after 1668) the capital of French Flanders. Taken (1708) after a costly siege by Eugene of Savoy and the duke of Marlborough, it was restored to France in the Peace of Utrecht (1713). Among Lille's principal buildings are the huge citadel (17th cent.), one of the finest works of the French military engineer Vauban; the old stock exchange (17th cent.); several fine churches; and the unfinished cathedral (begun 1854). Lille has a large university, transferred there from Douai in 1808, and one of the most important art museums in Europe; its paintings include many of the best works of the Flemish, Dutch, French, and Spanish masters.

Lille

 

a city in northern France, on the Defile River (Schelde Basin). Capital of the department of Nord. Population, 190,500 (1968; with Roubaix and other metropolitan-area cities, approximately 900,000).

Lille is a transportation junction and a river port. It is the center of the northern industrial region of the country. Lille manufactures textiles (principally cotton), garments, and chemicals (acids, fertilizers, and dyes) and processes food. Heavy machine building is another important industry and is supported by the nearby metallurgical factories. There are a number of important banks in Lille and a university.

Lille

an industrial city in N France: the medieval capital of Flanders; forms with Roubaix and Tourcoing one of the largest conurbations in France. Pop.: 184 657 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
He told the ECHO: "From a Lille fan's point of view they aren't going to miss him.
Since then, Everton, in what is their first continental campaign for five seasons, have drawn 1-1 at FK Krasnodar and 0-0 at Lille, and the unbeaten pool leaders are now close to securing a place in the next round.
A fan of Scandinavian design, lille rabbagast (Norwegian for "little rascals") founder Dana Michels Gabrielsen says, "After moving to Norway with my husband, I noticed that nearly all the baby strollers had these fantastic looking Norwegian style license plates on them.
Lille began the season by losing only two of their first 13 matches but they have won only two of their last nine and already lost three league games in 2014.
We have been an admirer of Lille Healthcare for some time and believe that its addition to the Ontex Group will make our offer more attractive in the growing incontinence market across all the geographies in which Lille Healthcare operates" says Ontex CEO Michael Teacher.
But thanks to the work of quick-thinking doctors, Lille, from Whitley Bay, was given chemotherapy and at the age of 10 she has now finished her treatment at Newcastle's Royal Victoria Infirmary.
Fenerbahce which conceded an early goal to Lille at the 3rd min.
No trains will run between Brussels and Lille, said Eurostar, adding that because of the constraints of the amended timetable caused by the fire, no trains will run between the UK and Lille either.
Cousin, who joined Rangers from Lens, revealed last week he was keen to get back across the Channel, claiming Nice and Nantes, as well as Lille, wanted him.
Lille were fined pounds 40,000 for lax security which contributed to the crowd problem and as a punishment for their players threatening to walk off the pitch in protest at Ryan Giggs' goal from a quickly-taken free-kick.
Lille complained the referee should have blown his whistle before Ryan Giggs took the 83rd-minute free-kick that ultimately won the match for United at Lens' Felix-Bollaert on Tuesday.
The Welsh winger scored the only goal of the clash when he took a quick free-kick while Lille keeper Tony Sylva was lining up his wall.