Lille


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Lille

(lēl), city (1990 pop. 178,301), capital of Nord dept., N France, near the Belgian border. With its central position in NW Europe, Lille became a great commercial, cultural, and manufacturing center, long known for its textile products—notably lisle (the name is derived from an older spelling of the city's name). Intense industrial expansion began in the 1960s, strengthened by the establishment (1967) of a metropolitan community uniting almost 90 towns with a total population of over 900,000. Steel, iron, metalworking, and chemicals were among the city's flourishing manufactures. By the 1990s, however, competiton from Southeast Asia and within Europe, including the former Eastern bloc, resulted in reduced production and high unemployment in the area.

Lille was the chief city of the county of Flanders, a brilliant residence of the 16th-century dukes of Burgundy, and (after 1668) the capital of French Flanders. Taken (1708) after a costly siege by Eugene of Savoy and the duke of Marlborough, it was restored to France in the Peace of Utrecht (1713). Among Lille's principal buildings are the huge citadel (17th cent.), one of the finest works of the French military engineer Vauban; the old stock exchange (17th cent.); several fine churches; and the unfinished cathedral (begun 1854). Lille has a large university, transferred there from Douai in 1808, and one of the most important art museums in Europe; its paintings include many of the best works of the Flemish, Dutch, French, and Spanish masters.

Lille

 

a city in northern France, on the Defile River (Schelde Basin). Capital of the department of Nord. Population, 190,500 (1968; with Roubaix and other metropolitan-area cities, approximately 900,000).

Lille is a transportation junction and a river port. It is the center of the northern industrial region of the country. Lille manufactures textiles (principally cotton), garments, and chemicals (acids, fertilizers, and dyes) and processes food. Heavy machine building is another important industry and is supported by the nearby metallurgical factories. There are a number of important banks in Lille and a university.

Lille

an industrial city in N France: the medieval capital of Flanders; forms with Roubaix and Tourcoing one of the largest conurbations in France. Pop.: 184 657 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
Lille is the third-biggest student city in France after Paris and Lyon, boasting over 100,000 students - many of whom are international.
In little over 24 hours I would be standing more or less the same spot - but in the middle of well over 10,000 other people while the Lille Philharmonic Orchestra surged through Ravel's Bolero, backed by pyrotechnics and one of the best firework displays I have ever had the joy to witness.
We have been an admirer of Lille Healthcare for some time and believe that its addition to the Ontex Group will make our offer more attractive in the growing incontinence market across all the geographies in which Lille Healthcare operates" says Ontex CEO Michael Teacher.
Lille's mum, Joanne Downs, 35, said: "It would have been really useful to have had a specialist CLIC Sargent nurse around to give me advice, especially once Lille had left hospital.
Fenerbahce which conceded an early goal to Lille at the 3rd min.
Lille were fined pounds 40,000 for lax security which contributed to the crowd problem and as a punishment for their players threatening to walk off the pitch in protest at Ryan Giggs' goal from a quickly-taken free-kick.
Villarreal and Lille began the match occupying first and second place respectively in Group D.
Address for correspondence: Frederic Wallet, Laboratoire de Bacteriologie-Hygiene, Boulevard du Pr Leclercq, 59037 Lille Cedex, France; fax: 33-3-20-44-48-95; email: fwallet@chru-lille, fr
Spuybroek's rendering has become the icon and logo of Lille 2004, even appearing on five million French stamps.
Furthermore, Veeco's commitment to the bio-research community through applications support, dedicated life scientists, and access to development teams made them the right partner for the Institute Pasteur de Lille.
Bielsa has spent in excess of PS50m this summer on improving his squad and his talented bunch should prove too classy for the visitors, who were beaten 3-0 at Lille on the final day of last season.