Lille


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Lille

(lēl), city (1990 pop. 178,301), capital of Nord dept., N France, near the Belgian border. With its central position in NW Europe, Lille became a great commercial, cultural, and manufacturing center, long known for its textile products—notably lisle (the name is derived from an older spelling of the city's name). Intense industrial expansion began in the 1960s, strengthened by the establishment (1967) of a metropolitan community uniting almost 90 towns with a total population of over 900,000. Steel, iron, metalworking, and chemicals were among the city's flourishing manufactures. By the 1990s, however, competiton from Southeast Asia and within Europe, including the former Eastern bloc, resulted in reduced production and high unemployment in the area.

Lille was the chief city of the county of Flanders, a brilliant residence of the 16th-century dukes of Burgundy, and (after 1668) the capital of French Flanders. Taken (1708) after a costly siege by Eugene of Savoy and the duke of Marlborough, it was restored to France in the Peace of Utrecht (1713). Among Lille's principal buildings are the huge citadel (17th cent.), one of the finest works of the French military engineer Vauban; the old stock exchange (17th cent.); several fine churches; and the unfinished cathedral (begun 1854). Lille has a large university, transferred there from Douai in 1808, and one of the most important art museums in Europe; its paintings include many of the best works of the Flemish, Dutch, French, and Spanish masters.

Lille

 

a city in northern France, on the Defile River (Schelde Basin). Capital of the department of Nord. Population, 190,500 (1968; with Roubaix and other metropolitan-area cities, approximately 900,000).

Lille is a transportation junction and a river port. It is the center of the northern industrial region of the country. Lille manufactures textiles (principally cotton), garments, and chemicals (acids, fertilizers, and dyes) and processes food. Heavy machine building is another important industry and is supported by the nearby metallurgical factories. There are a number of important banks in Lille and a university.

Lille

an industrial city in N France: the medieval capital of Flanders; forms with Roubaix and Tourcoing one of the largest conurbations in France. Pop.: 184 657 (1999)
References in periodicals archive ?
Lille is the third-biggest student city in France after Paris and Lyon, boasting over 100,000 students - many of whom are international.
Near enough everything in the city was during the first weekend of the arts festival, Lille 3000 - in French it rhymes: Lille Trois Mille.
Lille scored another goal in 52nd minute by Frau, which won it a victory at its home against Fenerbahce.
Earlier this month, UEFA threw out an appeal by Lille against the goal.
But Benfica's 2-1 victory over Manchester United in the group's other match means the Portuguese champions take the second qualifying place ahead of Lille.
Spuybroek's rendering has become the icon and logo of Lille 2004, even appearing on five million French stamps.
Furthermore, Veeco's commitment to the bio-research community through applications support, dedicated life scientists, and access to development teams made them the right partner for the Institute Pasteur de Lille.
Address : Numro National D~identification : 21590350100017, Place Augustin Laurent Cs 30667, 59033, Lille Cedex, F
Bielsa has spent in excess of PS50m this summer on improving his squad and his talented bunch should prove too classy for the visitors, who were beaten 3-0 at Lille on the final day of last season.
Everton's head of security, Dave Lewis said: "We are still keen to hear from people who witnessed, or were victim of, any safety or security issues in Lille last week.
On this weekend the Palais des Beaux-Arts had an exhibition on Flemish art, consisting mostly of bleak visions operates up to from London St to Lille with return Standard Premier from PS189 return.
LILLE, Feb 18, 2010 (TUR) -- French Lille defeated Fenerbahce 2-1 Thursday in the first game of the third round of UEFA Europa League.