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Limousin(lēmo͞ozăN`), region and former province, S central France, in the arid, hilly country W of the Auvergne Mts. It comprises the depts. of Corrèze, Creuse, and Haute-Vienne, and is part of the administrative region of New Aquitaine. Limoges, the historic capital, is the center of ceramics industries, for which the abundant kaolin of the region is used; both Limoges and Tulle are important markets for the cattle raised in most of Limousin; Brive-la-Gaillarde is surrounded by fertile lowlands. In 918, Limousin was enfeoffed to the duchy of Aquitaine, and much of its history is essentially that of AquitaineAquitaine
, Lat. Aquitania, former duchy and kingdom in SW France. Julius Caesar conquered the Aquitani, an Iberian people of SW Gaul, in 56 B.C. The province that he created occupied the territory between the Garonne River and the Pyrenees; under Roman rule it was
..... Click the link for more information. . Ravaged by Edward the Black Prince in the Hundred Years War, Limousin was reconquered for France (1370–74) by Bertrand du Guesclin. It remained a depressed area until Turgot became intendant (1761–64) and introduced notable reforms.
a former province in France, in the northwestern part of the Massif Central, comprising the present departments of Creuse, Corrèze, and Haute-Vienne. Area, 17,000 sq km. Population, 740,000 (1971).
The territory of Limousin is an economic planning district. The economy is based on livestock raising, primarily for meat. Limousin’s industries include food, footwear, wool, and ceramic production. The principal industrial centers are Limoges, Tulle, Brive-la-Gaillarde, and Aubusson. Uranium ore is mined at La Crouzille.
the northwestern part of the Massif Central in France. The plateau is 300 m high in the west and reaches almost 1,000 m in the east. It is composed chiefly of granite and clayey shale. The Dordogne, Vienne, Creuse, and other rivers drain the surface of the plateau, which has both flat-crested hills and ridges. There are heaths, meadows, and forests of beech, oak, chestnut, and pine. Sheep and cattle are bred on the Limousin Plateau.