Lin Biao


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Related to Lin Biao: Jiang Qing, Deng Xiaoping, Zhou Enlai, Liu Shaoqi

Lin Biao

or

Lin Piao

(both: lĭn byou), 1908–71, Chinese Communist general and political leader. Lin was trained at Whampoa Academy, and during the Northern ExpeditionNorthern Expedition,
in modern Chinese history, the military campaign by which the Kuomintang party overthrew the warlord-backed Beijing government and established a new government at Nanjing.
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 he rose to company commander in the KuomintangKuomintang
[Chin.,=national people's party] (KMT), Chinese and Taiwanese political party. Sung Chiao-jen organized the party in 1912, under the nominal leadership of Sun Yat-sen, to succeed the Revolutionary Alliance.
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 army. After the Kuomintang-Communist split in 1927, he became one of Zhu DeZhu De
or Chu Teh
, 1886–1976, Chinese Communist soldier and leader. He was graduated (1911) from the Yunnan military academy and served in various positions with armies loyal to Sun Yat-sen. Stationed in Sichuan prov., he was a warlord from 1916 to 1920.
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's leading military aides. His skill as a tactician earned him the command of a Red Army corps, and after the long marchlong march,
Chin., Changzheng, the journey of c.6,000 mi (9,660 km) undertaken by the Red Army of China in 1934–35. When their Jiangxi prov. Soviet base was encircled by the Nationalist army of Chiang Kai-shek, some 90,000 men and women broke through the siege (Oct.
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, he headed the Red Academy at Yan'an. In 1947–48 he commanded the Communist military offensive in the northeast against Chiang Kai-shek. Lin was appointed defense minister of the people's republic in 1959. In 1966 he displaced Liu ShaoqiLiu Shaoqi
or Liu Shao-ch'i
, 1898?–1969, Chinese Communist political leader. Liu joined (1920) a Comintern organization in Shanghai, where he studied Russian. While in Moscow in 1921, he joined the Chinese Communist party.
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 as the second-ranking member of the Chinese Communist party, a position that made him Mao Zedong's heir apparent. A supporter of the Cultural Revolution (1966–76), Lin mysteriously died in an airplane crash in Mongolia (1971). His death, however, was not officially disclosed until 1972, when the Chinese press also reported on his alleged attempt to overthrow the government shortly before the crash.

Lin Piao

, Lin Biao
1908--71, Chinese Communist general and statesman. He became minister of defence (1959) and second in rank to Mao Tse-tung (1966). He fell from grace and is reported to have died in an air crash while attempting to flee to the Soviet Union
References in periodicals archive ?
Bad" people such as Lin Biao (an otherwise capable general) were associated with Confucius over the course of the movement, and so were many others.
Lin Biao smiles broadly, unaware of his impending fate.
Mao's chosen successor, Lin Biao, died in 1971 when his plane crashed as he tried to flee the country after the two had fallen out.
Lin Biao was commander of the People's Liberation Army who, in 1964, began politically indoctrinating his troops with Mao's thought.
In the absence of verifiable information, speculation about the Lin Biao incident has abounded.
Both were reactionaries trying to turn back the wheel of history and bring about a counter-revolutionary restoration, Confucius being the supreme master and Lin Biao his pious disciple.
In the early seventies, as the impetus for the Cultural Revolution began to fade, proponents of the movement saw their power slipping; their real target was no more Lin Biao than it was Confucius.
In China, aftershocks from the Cultural Revolution and the death of Lin Biao, as well as the aging of China's leadership, raised doubts about the stability of Chinese foreign policy.
Mongolia doubted fuel shortage theory in Lin Biao plane crash
Xinhua, run by the same Communist Party that Mao founded, called Zhang part of the ''Gang of Four'' and of a ''counter-revolutionary clique'' that included Mao's wife Jiang Qing and former army commander Lin Biao.
Professor MacFarquhar offers new insights into the roles played by a compliant and subservient Zhou En-lai, a loyal Lin Biao, and others among the top echelon who attempted to survive in the face of increasingly unpredictable manoeuvres by Mao, as he prepared for his Cultural Revolution.
The Gang of Four were tried along with six associates of former Defense Minister Lin Biao, who died after an unsuccessful coup attempt in 1971.