Lindpainter, Peter Josef von
Lindpainter, Peter Josef von (1791–1856)(pop culture)
Peter Josef von Lindpainter, a German musician who also adapted the vampire for the German stage, was a violinist who had studied at Augsburg and Munich prior to becoming the music director of the Isarton Theater in 1812. In 1819 he moved on to Stuttgart as the Kapellmeister of the city’s orchestra, where he would remain for the rest of his life. Throughout his long career he was among the country’s most honored conductors, although he was known more for his technical proficiency and dramatic effects rather than originality. He spent a period in the 1850s as the guest conductor of the New Philharmonic Society in London.
During his long life, he composed 28 operas, Der Vampyr being among the two or three most successful. He set the plot in France and named his vampire character Graf (or Count) Aubri. In the plot, Aubri convinced the father of Isolde, the object of his desire, to break off her engagement to her love, Graf Hippolyte, and allow him to marry her. In the end, Hippolyte fatally wounded him, but as he lay dying, he made Hippolyte swear not to reveal his death until midnight. He had still hoped to prey on Isolde, but she protected herself by claiming God’s protection. As his time ran out, without the needed blood, Aubri died.
When it first appeared, several months after the vampire opera of Heinrich Marschner, Lindpainter’s production competed successfully with the other Der Vampyr, but it was forgotten through most of the twentieth century until the vampire revival of the 1980s aroused interest in both composers.
Lobishomen The lobishomen was a mythological creature found in the folklore of South America, primarily Brazil, and has often appeared on lists of vampires. However, lobishomens, which originally derived from Portuguese mythology, were not vampires; they were Portuguese werewolves. In the Blade movies, vampires are groups in family lines each with a common name and tattoo design particular to itself. One of the twelve vampire tribes is the Lobishomen Tribe, who are linked to werewolves from Brazil. It appears that the original Lobishomen were killed by a werewolf and returned as vampires.
Lithuania, Vampires in see: Baltic States, Vampires in the