Lithium Carbonate

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lithium carbonate

[′lith·ē·əm ′kär·bə‚nāt]
(inorganic chemistry)
Li2CO3 A colorless, crystalline compound that melts at 700°C and has slight solubility in water; used in ceramic industries in the manufacture of powdered glass for porcelain enamel formulation.

Lithium Carbonate

 

Li2CO3, a salt; colorless crystals. Density, 2.11 g/cm3 at 0°C; melting point, 732°C (dissociation occurs at higher temperatures). It has low solubility in water (1.33 g in 100 g H2O at 20°C). Pure lithium carbonate is produced by passing CO2 through a solution of LiOH; in industry it is produced by the action of potash or soda on lithium salt solutions at temperatures of 80°-90°C.

Lithium carbonate is the most important lithium salt. It is the raw material for the production of other lithium compounds. Lithium oxide, Li2O, formed from Li2CO3, is used in the glass-making and ceramics industries because of its ability to impart valuable properties (thermal and chemical stability; strength) to the materials. Lithium carbonate is also used in pyrotechnics, the production of plastics (as a catalyst), and ferrous metallurgy (desulfurization of steel).

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Protracted presyncope and profound bradycardia due to lithium toxicity.
Another possibility is that she might have developed idiosyncratic and slowly progressive symptoms of NMS despite being on a stable lithium dose, and that could have led to decreased oral intake and subsequent lithium toxicity.
Lithium toxicity precipitated by profound hypothyroidism.
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T's NSAID use, possibly in combination with dehydration caused by gastrointestinal distress, resulted in lithium toxicity.
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Mago avoids lithium in patients who are unlikely to adhere to recommendations and reliably get laboratory tests, patients with addiction issues, or people who drink heavily--even binge drinking--who may get dehydrated, leading to lithium toxicity.
It is appropriate to determine blood levels following dosage changes to confirm compliance and adequacy of dose and whenever lithium toxicity is suspected.
Lithium toxicity can cause cardiac arrhythmias, and must be monitored closely.
Lithium toxicity profile: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
A patient taking lithium might turn to a seemingly innocuous dose of ibuprofen after an especially vigorous golf game, and the next thing you know he's in the emergency room suffering from lithium toxicity.