Liu Shaoqi

(redirected from Liu Shaochi)

Liu Shaoqi

or

Liu Shao-ch'i

(both: lyo͞o shou-chē), 1898?–1969, Chinese Communist political leader. Liu joined (1920) a CominternComintern
[acronym for Communist International], name given to the Third International, founded at Moscow in 1919. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin feared a resurgence of the Second, or Socialist, International under non-Communist leadership.
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 organization in Shanghai, where he studied Russian. While in Moscow in 1921, he joined the Chinese Communist party. After he returned to China, his reputation as a labor organizer grew. He rose rapidly in the party hierarchy, was a member of the central committee in 1927, and in 1934 was promoted to the powerful politburo. Liu became the Communists' foremost expert on organization and party structure. In the 1950s and early 60s he played an important role in all aspects of public life, especially as chairman and head of state of the Chinese People's Republic (1959–68). Attacked during the early stages of the Cultural RevolutionCultural Revolution,
1966–76, mass mobilization of urban Chinese youth inaugurated by Mao Zedong in an attempt to prevent the development of a bureaucratized Soviet style of Communism.
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 (1966–76) as the "number one capitalist-roader," Liu was stripped of power in 1968. He was rehabilitated posthumously in 1980.
References in periodicals archive ?
But on the great political questions covered in the book, on the nature of the policy differences between Mao Tse-tung and Liu Shaochi, on the nature of the revolution that followed the Chinese people's victory in the War of Liberation, Shenfan does less well.
China's Thermidor occurred in late 1978 when the Third Plenary Session of the Eleventh Central Committee, dominated by Deng Xiaoping and other survivors of the Liu Shaochi clique, switched policies and began the "reform.
As things turned out, although almost all Communists gave lip service to this concept, a large group of senior leaders, centered on Liu Shaochi and Deng Xiaoping, never really agreed with it.