Liu Xiaobo


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Liu Xiaobo 劉曉波
Birthday
BirthplaceChangchun, Jilin, China
NationalityChinese
Occupation
Writer, political commentator, human rights activist

Liu Xiaobo

(lyo͞o shoubō), 1955–2017, Chinese literary critic, poet, and political and human-rights activist, b. Changchun, grad. Jilin Univ. (B.A., 1982), Beijing Normal Univ. (M.A., 1984; Ph.D., 1988). He taught literature at Beijing Normal, published widely, and in the 1980s became known for his fiery lectures and scathing literary criticism. Beginning in 1988 Liu was a visiting scholar at such universities as Hawaii, Oslo, and Columbia, where he was teaching when the Tiananmen SquareTiananmen Square,
large public square in Beijing, China, on the southern edge of the Inner or Tatar City. The square, named for its Gate of Heavenly Peace (Tiananmen), contains the monument to the heroes of the revolution, the Great Hall of the People, the National Museum of
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 protests began in 1989. Returning to China, he assumed a leadership role in the protests, advocated nonviolence and democracy, attempted to negotiate, protected protesters from Chinese soldiers, undertook a hunger strike, and was imprisoned for 21 months. Subsequently he was barred from publishing in China (though he sometimes did so pseudonymously and also published abroad), and after his release from prison he was blacklisted from Chinese academia. In 1995–96 and 1996–99 Liu was again imprisoned for his political activities. In 2008 he coauthored Charter 08, which called for political and human-rights reforms, multiparty democracy, the rule of law, and the end of censorship. He was arrested, charged with inciting subversion, and after a closed one-day trial (2009) sentenced to 11 years in prison. In 2010 Liu was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize; he was the first Chinese citizen to receive it. Shortly before he died he was released from prison under guard for treatment for advanced cancer. Despite China's many bans on his work, Liu published more than a dozen books and hundreds of articles and poems. The first of his works to appear in English translation, No Enemies, No Hatred (2012), is a collection of his essays and poems that spans two decades and provides insights into many aspects of contemporary Chinese life.

Bibliography

See biography by Yu Jie (tr. 2015); studies by P. Link (2011) and J.-P. Béja and Fu Hualing (2012).

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On July 13, the Chinese human-rights activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo died a prisoner of the regime he had been jailed and tortured for criticizing.
While we have not had the occasion to meet, I join with millions around the globe in extending my deepest condolences on the loss of your husband, Liu Xiaobo.
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Xu's lawyer, Zhang Qingfang, told Reuters he had brought Xu up to speed with "events on the outside," including the death of fellow activist and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Liu Xiaobo.
The Texas Republican has led a push to change the address of the Chinese Embassy to "1 Liu Xiaobo Plaza" in honor of Liu since 2014, citing as precedent Congress' 1984 decision to rename the road outside the Soviet Embassy after prominent Russian political dissident Andrei Sakharov - another Nobel Peace Prize winner.
Sweden, July 15 -- Liu Xiaobo 61, Nobel laureate and political prisoner, dies of liver cancer, after spending almost a quarter of his life behind bars in Chinese custody.
CHINESE dissident Liu Xiaobo died yesterday, after being denied permission to leave the country for liver cancer treatment.
A day after Chinese Nobel Peace Prize-winning dissident Liu Xiaobo died of liver cancer in custody, friends have expressed concerns over his wife's whereabouts.
Chinese Nobel Peace Prize laureate Liu Xiaobo, a prominent dissident since the 1989 Tiananmen Square pro-democracy protests, died on Thursday after being denied permission to leave the country for treatment for late-stage liver cancer.
Al Jazeera : Chinese Nobel Peace laureate Liu Xiaobo has died, the government of the northeastern Chinese city of Shenyang, where he was being treated for late-stage liver cancer, said.