Logging Equipment

Logging Equipment


the machines, mechanisms, auxiliary structures, and devices designed for production operations in logging.

Logging equipment includes motorized tools; transport facilities; machine tools, units, and semiautomatic lines for initial processing of wood (such as trimming branches, bucking and sorting tree-length logs, barking assorted pieces, and splitting blocks); and hoisting and transport machinery and devices. Among the motorized tools are gasoline engine and electromotor saws, used for felling, trimming off large branches, and bucking tree-length logs; gasoline engine and electromotor twig cutters; and tools created to work with saws and twig cutters, such as roller wedges and winches, brush trimmers, bark strippers, engine-driven drills, snowplows, pumps, and power winches. Saws using gasoline engines (see Table (1) are widely used in logging, the annual demand in the USSR being 180,000–200,000 units.

Table 1. Brief specifications for some power saws produced in the USSR
 When producedEngine power, killowattsWeight, kilograms
Gasoline-powered saws   
Druzhba-60 .......1960–622.611.31
Druzhba-4........since 196331241
MP-5 Ural ........since 1969411.61
Electric saws   
EP-K5 ..........1949–571.59
EP-K6 ..........since 19581.79.3
EPCh-3..........since 197039.5

Transport facilities are subdivided into primary transport, which is used to skid (or carry) cut lumber from the felling site to the loading points near logging roads, and transport used to ship wood over logging roads. Skidding tractors equipped with loading gates, power winches, and trailer attachments (chokers) are used for initial transport. In the USSR the KT-12, the first special crawler-type skidding tractor, was developed in the late 1940’s. In subsequent years more powerful and advanced skidding tractors were developed (see Table 2).

Table 2. Brief specifications of skidding tractors produced in the USSR
 When producedPower (kilowatts)Weight (tons)
KT-12 ............1947–56265.6
TDT-40 ...........1956–6131.56.5
TDT-40M..........since 196137.56.5
TDT-55...........since 196544.58.7
TDT-60 ...........1958–624510.5
TDT-75...........since 19625610.5
TT-4.............since 19738112.5

Wheeled tractors are more maneuverable and faster than crawler-type tractors. The K-703 and T-157 transport skidding modifications were developed on the basis of series-produced general-purpose wheel tractors (prime movers). To eliminate manual coupling and uncoupling for skidding, the tractors are equipped with hydromechanical devices instead of chokers. For example, the TB-1 and LP-11-1 (based on the TDT-55 and TT-4 tractors) are fitted with hydromanipulators, and the T-157 wheeled collector tractors are fitted with hydraulic claws. Cable units driven by LL-12, LL-14, and LL-8 skidding winches are used for transport in mountain forests and marshy forests. Logging vehicles such as the VTM-4 roller-skidding vehicle and the LP-2 roller-bundling vehicle also are used for initial transport.

The equipment for initial processing of wood is subdivided into mobile and permanent types. Mobile equipment usually is installed at logging sites or temporary lumber yards. This includes LO-25 pruning units and SM-2 and SM-55 mobile trimmers. In some cases crosscutting and bark strippers and equipment for producing industrial chips are used. Fixed equipment is used at permanent lumber yards. PSL-2M semiautomatic units and MSG-2 units for large-scale pruning, which handle 20–25 and 100–125 cu m of wood per hour respectively, are used for pruning. The bucking and sorting of tree-length logs is carried out on the PLKh-3AS and LO-15S lengthwise-feed semiautomatic lines with a capacity of 25–30 cu m per hour. The KTs-7 chopper is used to halve blocks, the GK-2 hydraulic chopper splits them into halves or quarters, and the LO-46 hydraulic chopper splits them into halves, quarters, or sixths. The sorting and shipping of lumber are carried out by lengthwise chain transporters with semiautomatic dumping units. The OK-36, OK-63, OK-40B, and LO-23 bark strippers are used for removing bark.

Logging enterprises are outfitted with specialized equipment: frame saws, railroad tie-cutting machines, various woodworking machine tools, crushers, and equipment for the production of fiberboard and particle board.

Timber loaders and stackers are used for stacking and loading wood in the logging process.

Auxiliary structures and units such as scaffold bridges, crane-ways and spur tracks, access routes, and platforms are built for the normal and efficient operation of logging equipment. Portable sheds—preventive maintenance buildings, rebuilding-repair shops, and fueling and heating units—are used for technical maintenance and repair of vehicles in the forest. There are also permanent machine shops equipped with a complement of standard machine tools and other repair equipment.


References in periodicals archive ?
Exhibits include logging equipment, transportation, Oregon Trail items of interest and a current exhibit on Oregon wine.
These include inadequate ability to promptly increase timber harvests when opportunities arise, limited access to logging equipment, insufficient infrastructure, lack of loggers and truckers, and logistical bottle necks in the entire supply chain from the forests to the ports.
They all have the specialized logging equipment that we require for working on the watershed and logging will commence as weather and ground conditions allow,'' he said, explaining that the approach of mud season could delay the start at some locations.
This will provide opportunities for oilfield service companies across the board and will continue to require large amounts of chemicals, proppants, and essential equipment such as drill bits, tubular goods, and well logging equipment.
Furthermore, several barriers to maintaining and expanding a logging business were identified, including but not limited to mill prices that were deemed to be too low and logging equipment prices that were deemed to be too high, while urban development and sprawl were factors that posed diminished logging opportunities.
Suriname Port Services is a freehold break-bulk facility about 20 miles upstream from Paramaribo specialising in the handling of mining and logging equipment, off-shore supply and cement.
The van carries comprehensive data logging equipment to enable prospective customers to witness for themselves the remarkable energy savings that can be made by using the EARS [R] air tool system.
When standard logging equipment was too cumbersome for single-tree-selection logging, Jungwirth went to local mechanics and asked them to design and build light-on-the-land machinery for small-diameter logs.
Hood Logging Equipment is a local partner in the plant.
This last week I've been using data logging equipment, so I can see my corner speeds in the car and where I'm gaining and losing time, where I'm turning in too early or too late, to be able to adjust my lines.
OPPC recently applied for another grant for smaller, lighter logging equipment which would have less impact on the land and allow it to tackle smaller logging jobs.
Only recently we have renovated two laboratories and invested over pounds 20,000 in science data logging equipment.