London Company


Also found in: Wikipedia.

London Company,

corporation composed of stockholders residing in and about London, which, together with the Plymouth Company (see Virginia CompanyVirginia Company,
name of two English colonizing companies, chartered by King James I in 1606. By the terms of the charter, the Virginia Company of London (see London Company) was given permission to plant a colony 100 mi (160 km) square between lat. 34°N and lat.
..... Click the link for more information.
), was granted (1606) a charter by King James I to found colonies in America. The London Company was granted a tract of land fronting 100 mi (160 km) on the sea and extending 100 mi inland, somewhere between lat. 34°N and lat. 41°N. Government was vested in an English council, appointed by the king, which was to appoint a local council for the colony. The company's expedition, under the command of Capt. Christopher NewportNewport, Christopher,
1565?–1617, English mariner, commander of early voyages to Virginia. He commanded a privateering expedition to the West Indies (1592) that returned to England with the Spanish vessel Madre de Dios,
..... Click the link for more information.
, founded (1607) JamestownJamestown.
1 City (1990 pop. 34,681), Chautauqua co., W N.Y., on Chautauqua Lake; founded c.1806, inc. as a city 1886. It is the business and financial center of a dairy, livestock, and vineyard area.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in Virginia, the first permanent English settlement in America. In May, 1609, the company received a new charter, extending its territory and enabling it to replace the local council with an absolute governor. Thomas West, Baron De la WarrDe la Warr, Thomas West, 12th Baron
, 1577–1618, English colonial governor of Virginia. He saw fighting in the Netherlands and was knighted when serving in Ireland. He succeeded to the peerage in 1602.
..... Click the link for more information.
, was the first to hold that office, with Sir Thomas GatesGates, Sir Thomas,
fl. 1585–1621, English colonial governor of Virginia. He was knighted for his services under the 2d earl of Essex in the successful expedition against Cádiz in 1596.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as his deputy. A third charter, granted in Mar., 1612, made the London Company a self-governing body. There was, however, dissension within the company over governing policies, and the governing council was soon divided into two parties. The court party, headed by Sir Robert Rich (later the 2d earl of Warwick) and Sir Thomas Smythe, favored prolongation of martial law in the colony. The country, or patriot, party, led by Sir Edwin SandysSandys, Sir Edwin,
1561–1629, English statesman, leading promoter of the colony in Virginia; son of Archbishop Edwin Sandys. He studied law and was first returned to Parliament in 1586.
..... Click the link for more information.
, Sir John Danvers, and John and Nicholas Ferrar, favored discontinuance of the system of servitude. The country party was in the majority, but a liberal form of government was not established until after the appointment of Sir George YeardleyYeardley, Sir George
, c.1587–1627, British colonial governor of Virginia (1618–21, 1626–27). He was shipwrecked (1609) in the Bermudas but managed to reach Virginia in 1610.
..... Click the link for more information.
 as governor of Virginia. Yeardley convened America's first legislative assembly at Jamestown in 1619. Although affairs in Virginia gradually improved, a petition was presented (1623) to the king calling for an investigation of conditions in the colony. Shortly afterward there appeared a paper, The Unmasked Face of Our Colony in Virginia. Already offended by the company, the king now took extreme measures. A report was made by an investigating commission, the case was tried before the King's Bench, and the unfavorable decision, rendered in May, 1624, resulted in the dissolution of the company. About £200,000 had been expended by the company and more than 10,000 emigrants sent to Virginia.

Bibliography

See S. M. Kingsbury, ed., The Records of the Virginia Company of London (4 vol., 1906–35); H. L. Osgood, The American Colonies in the Seventeenth Century, Vol. I (1904, repr. 1957); W. F. Craven, Dissolution of the Virginia Company (1932, repr. 1964); C. M. Andrews, The Colonial Period of American History, Vol. I (1934, repr. 1964); C. W. Sams, The Conquest of Virginia: The Third Attempt, 1610–1624 (1939).

References in periodicals archive ?
I got her necklace from a London company specialising in replica jewellery.
A LONDON company has advertised for a Donald Trump lookalike at PS50,000 a year.
But since the venue closed in 2010 the building, in Clarence Place, has fallen into disrepair under the ownership of London company 121 Ventures.
The North London company has demonstrated its expertise in balancing recipes whilst introducing dominant flavours like leeks, chilli, chorizo, cranberries and even tomato chutney.
The Winner Takes It All' will be the theme of the Sunday night's Gala Evening as visitors witness the parade of HOYS Champions whilst being treated to a performance by none other than the London company of the West End Hit Musical 'Mamma Mia
But a spokesman for the centre run by London company Greenwich Leisure Limited said: "GLL's policy remains children under eight and non-swimmers must be accompanied by a competent adult.
A disappointing co-production between the National Theatre of Scotland, London company Told By An Idiot, and the Royal Lyceum, I Am Thomas refers to itself as "a brutal comedy with songs".
Richard Fleeshman is a matinee idol, Anna is a china doll, and Louise is a champ - in fact the whole company is great, at least as good as the London company.
London company PAYE Stone Restoration charged PS2,430 for putting it in place.
London company PAYE Stone Restoration charged PS2,430 for putting it in place, transporting it and storing it for the 12 weeks up to July 28 last year.
It was announced last month that London company, Rogers Stirk Harbour and Partners, had won the contest to design the new building and its boarding gates, concourses and shops.
A few years back I attended a request by a London company to be an extra, along with many other hopefuls.

Full browser ?