London Conference


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London Conference,

several international conferences held at London, England, in the 19th and 20th cent. The following list includes only the most important of these meetings. At the London Conference of 1830–31 the chief powers of Europe met to discuss the status of Greece. It was decided that Greece should be a fully independent principality, instead of an autonomous state as had been provided in the London Protocol of 1829. The territory of Greece was, however, considerably reduced from that provided in the London Protocol, and the decision was rejected by the Greeks. A new protocol (1831) that restored the 1829 border but retained the sovereign status of Greece was accepted. While the Greek problem was under discussion, the Belgians revolted against the Dutch king. The matter was taken up at the conference, which ordered (Nov., 1830) an armistice between the Dutch and the Belgians. The first draft for a treaty of separation of Belgium and the Netherlands was rejected by the Belgians. A new draft (June, 1831) was rejected by William I of the Netherlands, who resumed hostilities. Franco-British intervention compelled the Dutch to evacuate their forces from Belgium late in 1831, and in 1833 an armistice of indefinite duration was concluded. William's designs to recover Luxembourg and Limburg led to renewed tension, and the London Conference of 1838–39 followed. This prepared the final Dutch-Belgian separation treaty of 1839 and divided Luxembourg and Limburg between the Dutch and Belgian crowns. The neutrality of Belgium was guaranteed. For the London Conference of 1852, see Schleswig-HolsteinSchleswig-Holstein
, state (1994 pop. 2,595,000), c.6,050 sq mi (15,670 sq km), NW Germany. Kiel (the capital and chief port), Lübeck, Flensburg, and Neumünster are the major cities.
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; for the London Conference of 1867, see LuxembourgLuxembourg
or Luxemburg
, officially Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, grand duchy (2005 est. pop. 469,000), 998 sq mi (2,586 sq km), W Europe. Roughly triangular, it borders on Belgium in the west and north, Germany in the east, and France in the south.
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, duchy; for the London Conference of 1908, see London, Declaration ofLondon, Declaration of,
international code of maritime law, especially as related to war, proposed in 1909. The declaration grew largely out of the attempt at the second of the Hague Conferences to set up an international prize court with compulsory jurisdiction.
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. The London Conference of 1933 was the World Monetary and Economic Conference, which had as its object the checking of the world depression by means of currency stabilization and economic agreements. Unbridgeable disagreements among the participants and the attitude of the United States made the meeting a total failure; customs and currency restrictions instead became increasingly stringent throughout the world. After World War II several meetings of the Council of Foreign MinistersForeign Ministers, Council of,
organization of the foreign ministers of the World War II Allies—the United States, Great Britain, France, and the USSR—that, in a long series of meetings, attempted to reach political settlements after the war.
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 took place at London. For the London Conference of 1954, see Paris PactsParis Pacts,
four international agreements signed in Paris on Oct. 23, 1954, to establish a new international status for West Germany. Since the end of World War II, West Germany had been occupied by Allied forces and lacked its own means of defense.
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References in periodicals archive ?
He rebuked the notion of Pakistan boycotting the London conference.
The conference will be co-hosted by UK Prime Minister Gordon Brown, Afghan President Hamid Karzai, and United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi will represent Pakistan in the London conference on Afghanistan.
Foreign Minister Abu Bakr al-Qirbi discussed on Wednesday with British ambassador to Yemen Tim Torlo the ongoing arrangements of holding a London conference on the situation in Yemen.
HOUSTON, May 26 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ -- Plains Exploration & Production Company ("PXP") announces that a member of management is scheduled to present at the IPAA OGIS London conference, on Tuesday, June 2, 2009 at 7:00 a.
Mr Balls told a London conference of Labour's sister Co-operative Party: "I want to see more parents and communities actively involved in schools.
Prof Cochrane issued the warning at a London conference debating the Government-ordered report written by former British Airways boss Sir Rod Eddington on Britain's long-term transport needs.
Mr Lennan, 54, was appointed last summer and was due to address next week's London conference, which is being attended by several Government ministers.
The Prime Minister was telling a London conference on modernising the criminal justice system that the courts system in England and Wales needed to be dragged from the 19th to the 21st century.
A north school has been praised at a London conference for helping children of all abilities and backgrounds to progress.
The London conference, on April 30, will address the issue of providing care.
The votes by delegates at the London conference is expected to be ratified by the junior doctors committee meeting today.
Developers will be able to size up thousands of acres around stations and marshalling yards at a special London conference this week.

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