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city (1991 pop. 95,371) and district, NW Northern Ireland. Much of the district is hilly, except for the low cultivated plain along Lough Foyle. The district was dominated for many centuries by the O'Neill family.
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a city in Northern Ireland (Great Britain). Population, 51,900 (1971). A port at the mouth of the Foyle River, on the Gulf of Lough Foyle, it is the second most important economic center in Northern Ireland. The main industries are the manufacture of linen, clothing (chiefly shirts), chemicals, and various foods. The city has a university college.
Founded in the middle of the sixth century as Derry, it became a strategic point for the English conquest of Ireland in the 16th century. In 1613 the English government granted the City of London the exclusive right to colonize the region of Derry, after which it was officially known as Londonderry. After the partition of Ireland in 1921, the city became one of the centers of the struggle of the workers of Northern Ireland for their civil and social rights. The reprisals of British troops against the participants in a peaceful demonstration in Londonderry on Jan. 30, 1972, are known as Bloody Sunday.