Longyearbyen


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Longyearbyen

(lông`yērbü'ən), town and administrative center of SvalbardSvalbard
, archipelago (23,958 sq mi/62,051 sq km), island group (2015 est. pop. 2,700), possession of Norway, located in the Arctic Ocean, c.400 mi (640 km) N of the Norwegian mainland and between lat. 74°N and 81°N.
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, on Isfjorden, SpitsbergenSpitsbergen
, formerly Vestspitsbergen,
largest island (15,075 sq mi/39,044 sq km) of Svalbard, a Norwegian possession in the Arctic Ocean. It rises to Newtontoppen Mt. (c.5,650 ft/1,720 m), the highest point.
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 island. It was founded (1905) as a coal-mining settlement by an American company and named after the American miner J. M. Longyear. Its coal mines were transferred to a Norwegian company in 1916. The town was destroyed (Sept., 1943) by German battleships but was quickly rebuilt; coal mining remains signifcant, but tourism is increasingly important. The Svalbard International Seed Vault, a seed bank designed as a global backup storage facility, is inside a mountain near the town.

Longyearbyen

a village on Spitsbergen island, administrative centre of the Svalbard archipelago: coal-mining
References in periodicals archive ?
Most of Svalbard's bears live mainly on the pack ice, in areas protected by the Norwegian government, hundreds of miles north of Longyearbyen,' explains Heidi Krajewsky, the Polar Pioneer's naturalist and director of the Marine and Education Research Society, a British Columbia-based NGO.
THE DEAL: Hurtigruten's Nordstjernen departs on a round trip from Longyearbyen on June 8, 2017.
In addition, four individuals collected at the same time in the same area were made available to us by local inhabitants of Longyearbyen.
But even that is overkill: Nobody has been locked up in the capital, Longyearbyen, since the summer of 2013.
It is quite clear that burning fossil fuels is the chief cause of climate change, and the Arctic is at the very centre of this man-made crisis in the North Pole)," SaEaAo said while aboard Esperanza, a Greenpeace ship, as it docked at Longyearbyen, a major port on Svalbard, Norway where the North Pole's precarious ice edge could be seen.
The Svalbard Global Seed Vault is a secure seedbank on the Norwegian island of Spitsbergen near Longyearbyen in the remote Arctic Svalbard archipelago, about 1,300 kilometres from the North Pole.
Tessa and her new friends find out some secrets about the plant and realize that she must preserve its seeds forever at the seed vault in snowy Longyearbyen, Norway.
The Summer Dog Sledding on Wheels fly-by tour in Longyearbyen, Norway offers guests the chance to be pulled through the Arctic Tundra by a pack of huskies.
Ttake here are more polar bears than people living in Spitsbergen - this is the terrifying fact you will be greeted with just a few hours after landing at the town's main airport in Longyearbyen.
SUMMER ADVENTURE IN NORWAY: Magnetic North Travel (0845 5195 242) offers a six-night summer adventure in high Arctic, from PS2,395, including return flights ex-Heathrow (via Oslo), boat transfer to and from Nordenskiold, four nights accommodation in double rooms, meals, and two nights staying at Trapper's Lodge, Longyearbyen sharing double/twin room at either end of visit to Nordenskiold.
Closer to home you can visit Longyearbyen, the town nearest the North Pole.