Lophophora


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Related to Lophophora: Lophophora williamsii

Lophophora

 

a genus of globe-shaped cacti. There are three or four species distributed in the southern United States and in Mexico at elevations of 1,600-2,100 m above sea level. The best known is L. williamsii, called peyote or peyotl by the local population. Its stem and turnip-shaped root contain alkaloids (mescaline, lophophorine, peyotine) that cause colorful visual and auditory hallucinations. L. williamsii is an ancient holy plant of the American Indians.

References in periodicals archive ?
1998; Sajeva & Mauseth, 1991 Leuchtenbergia principis Eggli, 1984; Mauseth & Plemons- Rodriguez, 1998; Sajeva & Mauseth, 1991 Lophophora williamsii Eggli, 1984; Gibson, 1973; Mauseth & Plemons-Rodriguez, 1998; Sajeva & Mauseth, 1991 Mammillaria brandegeei, M.
Se elaboro una lista (Tabla I) con 19 generos, 59 especies y nueve categorias infraespecificas, las cuales fueron todas recolectadas, con excepcion de Lophophora williamsii.
Whereas the alkaloids of Trichocereus pachanoi consist mainly of mescaline and related phenethylamines, Lophophora williamsii contains a mixture of mescaline and tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloids, such as pellotine, anhalonidine, lophophorine and anhalonine (Bruhn et al.
We now report our finding of lophophine, 3,4-methylenedioxyphenethylamine (MDPEA, homopiperonylamine), and N,N-dimethyl-3,4-methylenedioxyphenethylamine (lobivine) as new minor alkaloid constituents of both Lophophora williamsii and Trichocereus pachanoi.
In Lophophora williamsii, lophophine constitutes 3.
Al centro hay un patio en el que se crian los animales domesticos (burros, mulas, cerdos, aves y perros) y se siembran hortalizas, plantas medicinales y hikuri (3) ("peyote" o Lophophora Williamsii).
Peyote, Lophophora williamsii, a small, green, spineless cactus indigenous to the Rio Grande River region adjacent to the current Texas-Mexico boundary, grows in single or small clusters of "buttons" attached to a taproot.
2, 3, 4) JB g Lophophora diffusa 182, 200 Semidesierto (Croizat) Bravo (A) (1, 3, 4) JB Queretano Gc Mammillaria compressa 198 (3, 4) JB Desierto Chihuahuense subsp.
British Cactus and Succulent Society ( Northumbria branch, talk, Lophophoras, by John Watmough, St Aidan's Community Centre, Brunton Park, 7.