Lord


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lord

1. a person who has power or authority over others, such as a monarch or master
2. a male member of the nobility, esp in Britain
3. (in medieval Europe) a feudal superior, esp the master of a manor
4. Astrology a planet having a dominating influence

Lord

1. a title given to God or Jesus Christ
2. Brit
a. a title given to men of high birth, specifically to an earl, marquess, baron, or viscount
b. a courtesy title given to the younger sons of a duke or marquess
c. the ceremonial title of certain high officials or of a bishop or archbishop

Lord

(religion, spiritualism, and occult)

Lord is an older term for ruler, as in “Mars is the lord (ruler) of Aries.” In the case of the Moon and Venus, traditionally regarded as feminine, the proper term was “lady.” Many astrologers want to retain this term but reserve its use for the ruler of a house. Thus, for example, in a horoscope in which Aries is on the cusp (beginning) of the third house, Mars would be the ruler of Aries and the lord of the third house. Most contemporary astrologers have dropped the term lord and use the term ruler for both relationships. One finds the same distinction between sign and house rulership/lordship in Vedic astrology, where this notion is central to the correct interpretation of a chart.

Lord

 

(1) Originally, in medieval England a general term referring to a feudal landowner (lord of the manor, landlord) and seigneur of his own vassals; the more specific usage referred to a powerful feudal chief and direct supporter of the king—a baron. Gradually, the title of lord was applied collectively to the English upper gentry (dukes, marquesses, counts, viscounts, and barons) and was awarded (from the 14th century) to peers of the kingdom, who formed the upper chamber of the British Parliament (the House of Lords). The title is transferred by male lineage and through seniority but may also be bestowed by the crown (upon recommendation of the prime minister). Beginning in the 19th century, the title was conferred upon not only important landowners, as was previously the case, but upon representatives of large capital, prominent figures in science and culture, and others as well. Prior to 1958, seats in the House of Lords were filled only through inheritance of this title. In 1958 the system of appointment of a part of the membership of the House of Lords by the monarch was introduced. Appointed lords retain their seats for life, but their titles are not inherited. In 1963 hereditary lords received the right to resign their titles.

(2) A component part of the official designation of certain high and local officials of Great Britain—for example, lord chancellor and lord mayor. Lord chancellor—the highest lord of Great Britain—is one of the oldest state offices (established in the 11th century). In contemporary Great Britain the lord chancellor is a member of government and chairman of the House of Lords. For the most part, he carries out the functions of minister of justice. He appoints county judges, heads the Supreme Court, and acts as protector of the great state seal. Lord mayor is a title, retained from the Middle Ages, of the head of local organs of power in London (the City of London) and a number of other large cities (for example, Bristol, Liverpool, and Manchester).

(3) From the 15 to the 17th centuries, a component part of the title of lord protector, which was conferred upon certain high statesmen of England (for example, regents in service of a king who had not yet come of age). In 1653-58, O. Cromwell also bore the title of lord protector.

References in classic literature ?
I am sure, Lord Illingworth, you don't think that uneducated people should be allowed to have votes?
Do you take no side then in modern politics, Lord Illingworth?
Certainly, a great deal may be done by means of cheap entertainments, as you say, Lord Illingworth.
reminds my Lord that the Courier has gone to the post.
My Lord gives him orders to go out again and buy some lemons.
My Lord turns to the Baron (who has thus far taken no part in the conversation) and asks him, in a sneering tone, how much longer he proposes to prolong his stay in Venice.
And knowing that real name, my Lord," replied Felton, "will you sign it all the same?
Reply to them, my Lord," said Felton; "the circumstances are more serious than you perhaps believe.
My Lord Gaunt married, as every person who frequents the Peerage knows, the Lady Blanche Thistlewood, a daughter of the noble house of Bareacres, before mentioned in this veracious history.
As, to my Lord Gaunt's dismay, and the chuckling delight of his natural enemy and father, the Lady Gaunt had no children--the Lord George Gaunt was desired to return from Vienna, where he was engaged in waltzing and diplomacy, and to contract a matrimonial alliance with the Honourable Joan, only daughter of John Johnes, First Baron Helvellyn, and head of the firm of Jones, Brown, and Robinson, of Threadneedle Street, Bankers; from which union sprang several sons and daughters, whose doings do not appertain to this story.
The lord, the great personage who did the Maypole so much honour, was about the middle height, of a slender make, and sallow complexion, with an aquiline nose, and long hair of a reddish brown, combed perfectly straight and smooth about his ears, and slightly powdered, but without the faintest vestige of a curl.
Even now, while he warmed and rubbed his hands before the blaze, he had the air of one who only presumed to enjoy it in his degree as a commoner; and though he knew his lord was not regarding him, he looked into his face from time to time, and with a meek and deferential manner, smiled as if for practice.