Anthony Eden

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Eden, Anthony

 

(Earl of Avon). Born June 12, 1897, in Windleston, Durham. British statesman; a leader of the Conservative Party.

Eden comes from an aristocratic family. He was educated at Eton and Oxford University and was an infantry officer during World War I. He was a Conservative member of the House of Commons from 1923 to 1957. Eden was closely involved with British foreign policy for many years. He was secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1935 until 1938, when he left this post because of differences, basically of a tactical character, with Prime Minister N. Chamberlain, who was carrying out a policy of encouraging Germany’s fascist aggression. He was secretary of state for dominion affairs in 1939–40 and was secretary of state for foreign affairs in W. Churchill’s coalition cabinet from 1940 to 1945. Eden took part in the work of the Tehran Conference in 1943, in the Crimea [Yalta] and Potsdam conferences in 1945, and in other international conferences. He was again secretary of state for foreign affairs from 1951 to 1955 and was prime minister from April 1955 to January 1957. He attached primary importance to the preservation of Great Britain’s colonial position. Eden was one of the initiators of the Anglo-French-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956. After its failure, he was compelled to retire and to withdraw from active political life. He received the title of lord in 1961.

A. M. BELONOGOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Teversham sold her five-time winner Lord Avon, who is Lady Phill's brother, toHong Konglast year.
Although turned over at odds-on at Bath a fortnight ago, he might well have caught a tartar in the shape of Lord Avon.
Gary Moore' sprinter won pretty tidily here in January and might well have caught a tartar the shape of Lord Avon.
But a softer side to the former Prime Minister's nature is revealed by his desperate efforts to find a plane to transport Lord Avon - the former Prime Minister Sir Anthony Eden - home after he fell desperately ill in Florida.
Fanning later partnered Bill Turner's Lord Avon to win the 5f handicap.
She finished second to Lord Avon at Wolverhampton and I think that caught the eye of one or two people, as the winner has since completed a hat-trick at Bath.
Welcome Approach made the 480-mile round trip from John Weymes's North Yorkshire base pay off in the 51/2f handicap, while Lord Avon landed a hat-trick when taking the 5f handicap for Bill Turner .
Lord Avon won a seller at the track ten days ago, and returned to take the 5f claimer for Bill Turner and Kieren Fox.
Bill Turner was successful at the track's last meeting on Saturday when taking the claimer with My Lord, and Lord Avon gave him another winner in the 5f seller.
Completing the sextet in the line-up are Lord Avon and Prophet In A Dream.
Second-crop sire Avonbridge sits in second following a sparkling week during which he sired the juvenile winners Temple Meads, w h o w a s s u c c e s s f u l i n a traditionally hot maiden at the Newmarket Guineas meeting, Fifth Ave and Lord Avon.
com 2,000 Guineas, runners from the Richard Hannon stable were again filling the podium positions, although this time in the Kempton juvenile maiden that was won by the Bill Turner-trained Lord Avon.