Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra
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Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra,founded in 1919 by William Andrews Clark, Jr. After his death the Southern California Symphony Association was formed in 1934 to sponsor the orchestra. It was housed in Philharmonic Auditorium from 1920 until 1964, when it moved to the newly constructed Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in the Music Center of Los Angeles County. It occupied that building until 2003, when it moved into the Walt Disney Concert Hall, designed by for it by Frank GehryGehry, Frank Owen
, 1929–, American architect, b. Toronto, Ont., as Frank Owen Goldberg. He is widely considered one of the finest and most artful of contemporary architects. In 1947, Gehry's family moved to Los Angeles, where he attended the Univ.
..... Click the link for more information. . The orchestra holds summer concerts in the Hollywood Bowl, which seats 20,000. Its first conductor was Henry Rothwell, who held the podium from 1919 to 1927. Later music directors have included Artur Rodzinski (1929–33); Otto KlempererKlemperer, Otto
, 1885–1973, German conductor, b. Breslau. Klemperer studied in Frankfurt and Berlin. Working first in Prague, he later conducted the Berlin State Opera (1927–33), introducing new works by Janáček, Schoenberg, Stravinsky, and Hindemith.
..... Click the link for more information. (1933–39), Alfred Wallenstein (1943–56), Eduard van Beinum (1956–59), Zubin MehtaMehta, Zubin
, 1936–, Indian conductor. Son of the violinist Mehli Mehta, founder and conductor of the Bombay Symphony Orchestra, Mehta studied medicine for two years before continuing the family's musical tradition.
..... Click the link for more information. (1962–78), Carlo Maria GiuliniGiulini, Carlo Maria,
1914–2005, Italian conductor. A disciple of Arturo Toscanini, he was first known as a conductor of opera, debuting in Bergamo in 1950 and subsequently conducting chiefly in Milan and Rome.
..... Click the link for more information. (1978–84), and Sir André PrevinPrevin, Sir André
, 1929–, American conductor, composer, and pianist, b. Germany, as Andreas Ludwig Priwin. He has recorded classical music since 1946. In the 1950s he made a number of highly successful jazz piano albums, and he began recording jazz again in the
..... Click the link for more information. (1985–89). Previn remained as conductor until Esa-Pekka SalonenSalonen, Esa-Pekka,
1958–, Finnish conductor and composer. Originally a French horn player, he studied (1973–77) at Helsinki's Sibelius Academy. He made his conducting debut (1979) with the Finnish Radio Symphony Orchestra, his American debut (1984) with the Los
..... Click the link for more information. became music director in 1992; Gustavo DudamelDudamel, Gustavo,
1981–, Venezuelan conductor and violinist. A product of Venezuela's national music-training program, he quickly developed a brilliant, exuberant, and passionate conducting style that won him early notice.
..... Click the link for more information. succeeded Salonen in 2009.