Louis Kahn


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Louis Kahn
Birthday
BirthplaceKuressaare, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
Died
NationalityAmerican

Kahn, Louis

 

Born Feb. 20, 1901, on the island of Saaremaa, Estonia; died Mar. 17, 1974, in New York. American architect.

In 1915, Kahn became a citizen of the United States. In 1924 he graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. He was a professor at Yale University from 1948 to 1957. He became a professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1957. Kahn’s works from his mature period include the Richards Laboratories at the University of Pennsylvania (1957–61), the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, Calif. (1959–66), the Indian Institute of Management in Ahmadabad, India (1963), and administrative and school buildings in Dacca, Bangladesh (under construction since 1963).

His buildings are characterized by a harsh monumentality that is accentuated by weighty forms and geometrical clarity. The three-dimensionality of the structures is emphasized by the color and rough texture of the building materials. Kahn’s style is similar to brutalism. The major and auxiliary spatial units are differentiated and exposed. Kahn ingeniously controlled the light and the movement of air (in countries with hot climates, he used additional walls and roofs).

Kahn was also a specialist in urban planning; he designed the general plan of Dacca in 1962. As a theorist, he considered architecture to be a harmonious space created by form and light.

REFERENCES

Sovremennaia arkhitektura, 1969, NO. 2.
Arkhitektura zapada: Mastera i techeniia, book 1. [Moscow] 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a nutshell: The son of legendary architect Louis Kahn attempts to unravel the mysteries of his father's life and come to an understanding of the man he barely knew.
The title of the work suggests that not only is their starting point the "Masters" who worked in India, Le Corbusier and Louis Kahn being the most prominent, but that Indian architecture since independence in 1947 springs from them.
It all began for Duratherm with Louis Kahn and his famous design for the Phillips Exeter Academy library in Exeter, New Hampshire.
Today he splits his time between AKA's Central Park penthouse suite and his childhood home, which was the last residential project of renowned architect Louis Kahn.
The park is being designed by Louis Kahn for the south point of the island.
Its extraordinary collection, housed in a world-famous building by Louis Kahn, takes its distinctive character from the museum's policy of collecting only works 'of the first class'.
They met while working in the Philadelphia office of world-renowned architect Louis Kahn in 1966.
The book displays works by Wright, Gehry, Graves, Saarinen, de Meuron, Louis Kahn, Renzo Piano, Tadao Ando, Daniel Libeskind, Zaha Hadid, I.
Recalling his days as an architecture student at the University of Pennsylvania, he says: "Architect Louis Kahn used to say, 'A building never knew how great it was until it was struck by the sun.
Tilden, overlooking the Atlantic Ocean; the newly-opened Park Slope Armory, now an athletic and educational center; the closed-off High Bridge, the oldest bridge in New York, connecting Manhattan and the Bronx; the Four Freedoms Park on Roosevelt Island, designed by architect Louis Kahn in the '70s; and finally, the only remaining lighthouse in Manhattan.
and designed by renowned architect Louis Kahn, the Institute was designated a historic landmark in 1991.
Elements of the pavilion, the courtyard and the cave all endure in new work, propelled most obviously by the radical influence of architects Le Corbusier and Louis Kahn.