Louis Kahn


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Louis Kahn
Birthday
BirthplaceKuressaare, Governorate of Estonia, Russian Empire
Died
NationalityAmerican

Kahn, Louis

 

Born Feb. 20, 1901, on the island of Saaremaa, Estonia; died Mar. 17, 1974, in New York. American architect.

In 1915, Kahn became a citizen of the United States. In 1924 he graduated from the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. He was a professor at Yale University from 1948 to 1957. He became a professor at the University of Pennsylvania in 1957. Kahn’s works from his mature period include the Richards Laboratories at the University of Pennsylvania (1957–61), the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, Calif. (1959–66), the Indian Institute of Management in Ahmadabad, India (1963), and administrative and school buildings in Dacca, Bangladesh (under construction since 1963).

His buildings are characterized by a harsh monumentality that is accentuated by weighty forms and geometrical clarity. The three-dimensionality of the structures is emphasized by the color and rough texture of the building materials. Kahn’s style is similar to brutalism. The major and auxiliary spatial units are differentiated and exposed. Kahn ingeniously controlled the light and the movement of air (in countries with hot climates, he used additional walls and roofs).

Kahn was also a specialist in urban planning; he designed the general plan of Dacca in 1962. As a theorist, he considered architecture to be a harmonious space created by form and light.

REFERENCES

Sovremennaia arkhitektura, 1969, NO. 2.
Arkhitektura zapada: Mastera i techeniia, book 1. [Moscow] 1972.
References in periodicals archive ?
If we teach what we know, and know what we have learned, Mario Botta was lucky enough or had the ability to be able to follow the advice from three great masters of world architecture: Le Corbusier, Louis Kahn, Carlo Scarpa.
2) Louis Kahn, Perspecta 3, Yale Architectural Journal, 1955
OSCAR-NOMINATED for best documentary, this is illegitimate son Nathaniel Kahn's true-life search to find out about the life of his father Louis Kahn, the visionary architect who in his private life was a serial philanderer who died alone and penniless.
In the film My Architect, the recent documentary about the late, great Louis Kahn, Johnson tells Kahn's son, "Lou wasn't much to look at.
If you don't believe me, check out this documentary on architect Louis Kahn.
While the Louis Kahn building is dosed, the Yale Art Gallery will continue to display its collections of American paintings, sculpture and decorative arts in the gallery's Gothic-style wing, designed in 1928 by Egerton Swartwout.
Ejemplos como los hospitales realizados por Alvar Aalto en Finlandia y Croacia, o por Louis Kahn en la India, asi como el recien inaugurado Hospital O'Donell en Madrid de Rafael Moneo, y el proyecto del Hospital de Juan Navarro Baldeweg en Asturias, representan una buena dosis de esta arquitectura de healing machines que ha ayudado a curar y fortalecer los paisajes de distintos contextos.
In this case, the father is Louis Kahn, the man many consider to be the most influential architect of the 20th century.
But while architect Louis Kahn left monuments of grace and beauty, Beat-era writer Jean Morrison's legacy was one of pain, abuse and addiction.
Stone, Louis Kahn, Percival Goodman, and Charles Eames.
Jonas Salk and Louis Kahn established the Institute in 1959 as a center that would serve those who pursue questions about the basic principals of life.