Louis Victor de Broglie
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Broglie, Louis Victor de
Born Aug. 15, 1892, in Dieppe. French physicist. Member (1933) and permanent secretary (1942) of the Paris Academy of Sciences. Foreign member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1958).
De Broglie graduated from the University of Paris in 1909. He taught there from 1928. In his doctoral dissertation Studies in Quantum Theory (1924), he introduced his theory of the wave characteristics of matter (the so-called Broglie waves), which served as a foundation for modern quantum mechanics. The wave characteristics of microparticles were subsequently confirmed by experiments with the diffraction of electrons and other particles. De Broglie also studied relative quantum mechanics, questions of atomic structure, and the theory of the dispersion of electromagnetic waves in wave guides. He wrote several works on the history of physics. De Broglie received the Nobel Prize (1929).
WORKS“Recherches sur la théorie de quanta.” Annales de physique, 1925, vol. 3, no. 1.
De la Mécanique ondulatoire à la théorie du noyau, vols. 1-2. Paris, 1943-45.
In Russian translation:
Vvedenie v volnovuiu mekhaniky. Kharkov-Kiev, 1934.
Magnitnyi electron. Kharkov, 1936.
Elektromagnitnye volny v volnovodakh i polykh rezonatorakh. Moscow, 1948.
Revoliutsiia v fizike (Novaia fizika i kvanty). Moscow, 1965.