Louis XIII

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Related to Louis XIII: Louis XIV, Louis XVIII

Louis XIII,

1601–43, king of France (1610–43). He succeeded his father, Henry IVHenry IV,
1553–1610, king of France (1589–1610) and, as Henry III, of Navarre (1572–1610), son of Antoine de Bourbon and Jeanne d'Albret; first of the Bourbon kings of France.
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, under the regency of his mother, Marie de' MediciMarie de' Medici
, 1573–1642, queen of France, second wife of King Henry IV and daughter of Francesco de' Medici, grand duke of Tuscany. She was married to Henry in 1600. After his assassination (1610) she became regent for her son Louis XIII.
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. He married Anne of AustriaAnne of Austria,
1601–66, queen of France, daughter of King Philip III of Spain. Married to the French king Louis XIII (1615), she was neglected by her husband and sought the society of the court intriguer, Mme de Chevreuse.
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 in 1615. Even after being declared of age in 1614, he was excluded from affairs of state by his domineering mother. In 1617 he caused the assassination of her minister Concino ConciniConcini, Concino
, d. 1617, Florentine adventurer, favorite of Marie de' Medici, queen of France, who exerted great influence after the assassination of Marie's husband, Henry IV in 1610, and succeeded the duke of Sully as minister.
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, with the aid of his own favorite, Charles d'Albert, duc de LuynesLuynes, Charles d'Albert, duc de
, 1578–1621, constable of France, minister and favorite of King Louis XIII. With the king's collaboration he caused the assassination of Concino Concini (1617), took over the government, and forced Marie de' Medici into exile.
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, and Marie de' Medici was forced into retirement. He was reconciled to her in 1622 and entrusted (1624) the government to her protégé, Cardinal RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Jean du Plessis, duc de
(Cardinal Richelieu) , 1585–1642, French prelate and statesman, chief minister of King Louis XIII, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church.
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. In 1630, urged by his mother to discharge Richelieu, he instead sent his mother again into exile. Melancholy and retiring by nature, Louis thenceforth gave full support to Richelieu and his successor, Cardinal MazarinMazarin, Jules
, 1602–61, French statesman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, b. Italy. His original name was Giulio Mazarini. After serving in the papal army and diplomatic service and as nuncio at the French court (1634–36), he entered the service of France
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. Richelieu strengthened royal authority and centralized government control. Louis's reign was remarkable for the establishment of the French Academy and for the work of St. Francis de SalesFrancis de Sales, Saint,
1567–1622, French Roman Catholic preacher, Doctor of the Church, and key figure in the Counter Reformation in France. He was a member of an aristocratic family of Savoy and was trained for the law, but he entered (1593) the priesthood against his
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 and St. Vincent de PaulVincent de Paul, Saint,
1580?–1660, French priest renowned for charitable work, b. Gascony. He was ordained in 1600. There are conflicting stories about his capture by pirates and enslavement in Tunis and his subsequent escape.
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 in religion, René DescartesDescartes, René
, Lat. Renatus Cartesius, 1596–1650, French philosopher, mathematician, and scientist, b. La Haye. Descartes' methodology was a major influence in the transition from medieval science and philosophy to the modern era.
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 in philosophy, and Pierre CorneilleCorneille, Pierre
, 1606–84, French dramatist, ranking with Racine as a master of French classical tragedy. Educated by Jesuits, he practiced law briefly in his native Rouen and moved to Paris after the favorable reception of his first play, Mélite
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 in literature.


See V. L. Tapié, La France de Louis XIII et de Richelieu (1952); H. W. Chapman, Privileged Persons (1966).

Louis XIII

1601--43, king of France (1610--43). His mother (Marie de M?dicis) was regent until 1617; after 1624 he was influenced by his chief minister Richelieu
References in periodicals archive ?
This safe will be transported around the world under high-level security for an international tour beginning in Hong Kong on December 11 th , before it reaches its final destination at the House of LOUIS XIII in Cognac.
The incredible legacy of craftsmanship that goes into one decanter of LOUIS XIII, and the fact that its creators will never experience the results of their work, led the creative direction of the film "100 Years", which explores the fascinating concept of what the future may look like in one hundred years.
For the first time in the life of Louis XIII (it spent around 140 years as a favourite of corporate royalty, hip-hop moguls and Chinese mandarins before President Xi Jinping's anti-corruption crackdown), the eau de vie from one cask (or tiercon) was considered fit enough to be released by itself, instead of a blend of 1,200 different Grande Champagne eau de vie maturing between 40 and 100 years.
The parent firm Louis XIII Holdings Ltd said that a six-year debt facility is of up to approximately HK$3.
45 bottle of Remy Martin Louis XIII cognac, 11 fine -- but cheaper -- bottles of cognac and 12 packs of menthol cigarettes at about 3:15 a.
A group of City workers spent Au30,000 on dances last off late and one spent 2,500 pounds on a bottle of Louis XIII cognac - mixed some with Coca-Cola and left the bottle.
Some of the oldest of the lot, containing eaux de vie that would later be sold as Louis XIII in elegant crystal carafes, are covered with thick cobwebs.
The stable of cognac, liqueurs, Champagne, ram, gin, brandy and armagnac includes Remy Martin, St Remy and Louis XIII cognacs, Charles Heidsieck and Piper Heidsieck Champagnes, Mount Gay rum, Cointreau and Passoa fruit liqueur.
Because Louis XIII was bald and wore a wig, wigs became extremely popular in France during his reign.
Kelly treated guests at Amika's Weekend Takeover to 50 magnums of pounds 3,000 vintage Dom Perignon, 24 bottles of pounds 490 Patron tequila and 10 bottles of pounds 2,000 Louis XIII cognac.
Nelson's study, a revision of his Oxford dissertation, covers the reign of Henry IV, 1590-1610, and the first five years of young Louis XIII when his mother, Marie de' Medici, served as regent.