Louis XVIII


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Related to Louis XVIII: Louis XIII

Louis XVIII,

1755–1824, king of France (1814–24), brother of King Louis XVILouis XVI,
1754–93, king of France (1774–92), third son of the dauphin (Louis) and Marie Josèphe of Saxony, grandson and successor of King Louis XV. In 1770 he married the Austrian archduchess Marie Antoinette.
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. Known as the comte de Provence, he fled (1791) to Koblenz from the French Revolution and intrigued to bring about foreign intervention against the revolutionaries. He was recognized as king by the émigrés after the death (1795) of Louis XVII. He passed his exile on the Continent and in England. With the assistance of Charles de TalleyrandTalleyrand or Talleyrand-Périgord, Charles Maurice de
, 1754–1838, French statesman and diplomat.
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, he was restored (1814) to the French throne by the allies after their entry into Paris. He adopted a conciliatory policy toward the former revolutionists and granted a constitutional charter. Forced to flee once more on the news of the return of Napoleon I, he returned with the allies (1815) after the defeat at Waterloo had ended Napoleon's rule of a Hundred DaysHundred Days,
name given to the period after the return of the deposed French emperor, Napoleon I, from Elba. The Hundred Days are counted from Mar. 20, 1815, when Napoleon arrived in Paris, to June 28, 1815, when Louis XVIII was restored for the second time as king, following
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. His chief ministers were at first moderates—Armand Emmanuel, duc de RichelieuRichelieu, Armand Emmanuel du Plessis, duc de
, 1766–1822, French statesman. An émigré from the French Revolution, he served Russia as governor of Odessa (1803) and of the Crimea (1805).
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, and Élie DecazesDecazes, Élie
, 1780–1860, French statesman, a favorite of King Louis XVIII, who made him a duke in 1820. A lawyer and judge, Decazes was made minister of police in 1815 and was influential in the French government even before he became (1819) premier.
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—but the ultraroyalists, led by Louis's brother, the comte d'Artois (later Charles XCharles X,
1757–1836, king of France (1824–30); brother of King Louis XVI and of King Louis XVIII, whom he succeeded. As comte d'Artois he headed the reactionary faction at the court of Louis XVI.
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), triumphed after the assassination (1820) of the count's son, Charles Ferdinand, duc de Berry. Louis, then old and suffering from gout, allowed the ultraroyalists to take control. The new ministry headed by the comte de VillèleVillèle, Jean Baptiste Séraphin Joseph, comte de
, 1773–1854, French statesman and premier (1822–28). Elected (1815) a deputy after the Bourbon restoration, he became leader of the extreme royalists in the chamber of deputies.
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 was thoroughly reactionary. Electoral laws were revised to increase the influence of the wealthy classes, and civil liberties were curbed. This trend continued and was intensified during the reign (1824–30) of his successor, Charles X. See RestorationRestoration,
in French history, the period from 1814 to 1830. It began with the first abdication of Emperor Napoleon I and the return of the Bourbon king, Louis XVIII, but was interrupted (1815) by Napoleon's return (the Hundred Days).
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, in French history.

Louis XVIII

1755--1824, king of France (1814--24); younger brother of Louis XVI. He became titular king after the death of Louis XVII (1795) and ascended the throne at the Bourbon restoration in 1814. He was forced to flee during the Hundred Days
References in periodicals archive ?
Et sera fantome aussi d'une certaine maniere Louis XVIII lui-meme, qui ne pourra pas regner sur la legitimite de son seul nom et sur celle du droit divin, comme si rien ne s'etait passe, mais devra compter avec la presence spectrale de l'empereur dans chacun de ses gestes de monarque.
27) On the image of Louis XVIII and politics during the Restoration, see M.
EXCLUSIVE J Hartwell has played host to Louis XVIII and the Emperor of Japan
Admittedly, Louis XVIII was immensely fat and gout-ridden and out of touch: He wanted to get rid of the tricolor and pretended he was in the nineteenth year of his reign, as if Napoleon had been just an evil dream.
His coup against a Bonapartist Regency and in favor of Louis XVIII (from whom he by then knew he could expect a reward) depended on Alexander I believing that the Bourbons had popular legitimacy.
Royer-Collard (incidentally also the residence and attending physician of the Marquis de Sade), Martin was granted an audience with Louis XVIII on 2 April 1816.
In July 1814, Louis XVIII tried to reimpose a role for noble privilege in military education.
Mr Mansel is the author of a much admired biography of King Louis XVIII and he brings his knowledge of and sympathy for that much ridiculed monarch to this book where he shows the genuine achievements of the Bourbon Restoration.
240), from the relative respite offered by the first Empire (where permanent Revolution is however replaced by permanent war) to the failed 'Union et oubli' of Louis XVIII and Charles X, where renewed conflict between royalists and liberals culminates in the bourgeois victory of 1830.
One veteran remarked that perhaps now Louis XVIII would feel obligated to return the stolen goods to the rightful owner.
Surgeon to Louis XVIII and Charles X, he apparently offered the latter 1 million francs in his hour of need.
This had a text by Metastasio and music by Leonardo Vinci, and was staged at the Roman palace of Cardinal de Polignac, French ambassador to the Holy See, on 26 November 1729 in celebration of the birth of the Dauphin Louis, son to Louis XV and father-to-be of three future kings, Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X.