Louise Michel

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Louise Michel
BirthplaceHaute-Marne, France

Michel, Louise


Born May 29, 1830, in Vroncourt-la-Côte; died Jan. 10, 1905, in Marseille. French revolutionary and writer.

Michel was a village school teacher; in 1856 she went to teach in Paris, where she attended revolutionary meetings and was closely associated with the Blanquists. She took part in the uprisings of Oct. 31, 1870, and Jan. 22, 1871, against the traitorous policies of the Government of National Defense. She was active in the Paris Commune of 1871. When the Versailles troops entered Paris, she fought heroically at the barricades. After the fall of the Commune, Michel was arrested and tried by a military tribunal, at which she boldly defended the ideas of the Commune. In 1873 she was exiled to New Caledonia. She opened a school in Noumea and taught the children of the aborigines (Canacks) to read and write.

After the amnesty of 1880, Michel returned to France and took part in the labor movement. She promoted anarchist ideas and was a supporter of P. A. Kropotkin. In 1883, Michel was arrested for taking part in a demonstration by unemployed Pari-sian workers; in 1886 she was pardoned. From 1890 to 1895, Michel lived in London. During the last years of her life she became interested in the Russian revolutionary movement and welcomed the revolution that was beginning in Russia.

Michel wrote poetry, novels, and plays. Her lyric poetry was greatly influenced by V. Hugo and is imbued with a love of liberty. Her novels, including Poverty (1882–83, written with J. Guêtré Russian translation, 1960), The Despised (1882; with J. Guetre), and The New World (1888), continued the progressive tradition of romanticism begun by E. Sue, G. Sand, and V. Hugo. In her literary works, Michel lashed out at bourgeois morality and the bourgeois family and called for the emancipation of women.


Oeuvres posthumes, vol. 1. Paris, 1905.
Mémoires, vol. 1. Paris, 1886.
A Trovers La Vie: Poesies. Paris, 1894.
In Russian translation:
Kommuna. Moscow-Leningrad, 1926.


Neustroeva, O. Zhizn’L. MisheV. Moscow-Leningrad, 1929.
Lur’e, A. la. Portrety deiatelei Parizhskoi Kommuny. Moscow, 1956. Pages 285–318.
Danilin, lu. G. Poety Parizhskoi Kommuny. Moscow, 1966.
Planche, F. La Vie ardente et intrepide de L. Michel. Paris [1946].


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The contract is for the maintenance and renewal of equipment to colleges Anna de Noailles Noailles, the Saint-Aubain Fontainettes-en-Bray, Louise Michel de Saint-Just-en-Chaussee, Gerard Philippe de Froissy, Antoine Saint-Exupery Chaumont-en-Vexin and the Thelle college Meru.
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Design contest: Project management contract for the resorption of demountable buildings through the implementation of a new construction and maintenance at the lycee louise michel in bobigny (seine-saint-denis -93).
Adjacent schools and Louise Michel Langevin Wallon were built in the 1960s and 1970.
Additionally, the piece refers to Laverriere's mirror object La Commune, hommage a Louise Michel, (The Commune, Homage to Louise Michel), 2001, featured in "La Lampe dans l'horloge," which has similar cutouts reminiscent of bullet holes and is a tribute to a little-known female activist who participated in the uprisings that led to the Paris Commune in 1871, during which the column of Baghramian's title was toppled in the Place Vendome.
She presents the calls for change even unto revolution staged by Louise Michel, Nelly Roussel, Vera Starkoff, Madeleine Pelletier, and Marie Leneru to be expressions of collective political and social radicalism rather than individual statements, although the legal consequences of their radicalism were applied to the authors rather than to their movements.
Officials of the Louise Michel high school in Bobigny, north east of Paris, decided to expel the three teenagers at disciplinary hearings ordered by a court, said lawyer Felix de Belloy.
Anne Frank geotechnical studies at college in Saint-Just Saint-Rambert Louise Michel and college at Rive de Gier.
Louise Michel Fi, gyda phlac i Louise Michel ar y sgwr a enwyd ar ei hl a thyrau'r Sacr-Coeur yn y cefndir
Under the heading "Recitation and Rebellion: Parnassianism, War, and the Fall of Empire" come poems from Louise Ackermann, Malvina Blanchecotte, Louise Michel, Louisa Siefert, and Nina de Villard.