Loyalty Islands


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Loyalty Islands,

coral group (1989 pop. 17,900), S Pacific, a part of the French overseas territory of New CaledoniaNew Caledonia,
Fr. Nouvelle Calédonie, officially Territory of New Caledonia and Dependencies, internally self-governing dependency of France (2014 pop. 268,767), land area 7,241 sq mi (18,760 sq km), South Pacific, c.700 mi (1,130 km) E of Australia.
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. The group comprises three islands (Lifou, Maré, and Ouvéa) and many islets and has a total land area of c.800 sq mi (2,070 sq km). The chief exports are coconuts and copra.

Loyalty Islands

 

(Loyauté) a group of coral islands and reefs in the Pacific Ocean (Melanesia), 100 km east of the French possession of New Caledonia, of which it is part. Area, 2,072 sq km. Population, about 14,000 (1963). Coconuts are grown on the islands, and copra is exported.

References in periodicals archive ?
The clear traces of human presence in the Fetra-He cave after around 2800 years ago, demonstrate the antiquity of inland occupation in the Loyalty Islands.
Recent Archaeological Research in the Loyalty Islands of New Caledonia.
This collaborative programme between the Department of Archaeology of New Caledonia and the CEACNRS, has been conducted with the permission of the traditional landowners of Fetra He and has received the authorisation of the Loyalty Island Province.
Intensification strategies also developed in the up-lifted coral environments of the Loyalty Islands (Sand 1998).
In New Caledonia, renewed links between Grande Terre and the Loyalty Islands led to the introduction of pots, adzes, flaked stones, ceremonial axes etc.
This research was conducted as part of the programmes of the New Caledonia Department of Archaeology for the Loyalty Islands Province, the Northern Province and the Southern Province.
Some Kone-period sites have been excavated in the Loyalty Islands, uplifted coral islands with very little or no natural clay to make pots.
Firstly, the foundation of the three major Lapita sites on the west coast of Grande Terre and Ile des Pins was almost instantaneous, at the turn of the 1st millennium BC; and secondly the dates for Lapita sites in the Loyalty Islands are around 150-200 years later.
All the well-dated sites in New Caledonia have a period of production of Lapita pottery not exceeding probably 800 BC in the south of Grande Terre and 700-600 BC on the west coast and Loyalty Islands [ILLUSTRATION FOR FIGURE 3 OMITTED].
Some Lapita and Podtanean sherds discovered in the Loyalty Islands (Sand 1995c) have in their temper chromiphere spinella, geologically characteristic of the north of Grande Terre (Galipaud 1990) and found in Lapita pottery from site NKM001 of Boirra (Galipaud 1988) and locality WKO013A of Lapita (Sand 1996a; 1996c).
Instead, the present evidence shows the rather instantaneous establishment of ceramic sites in various parts of the west coast and in the Ile des Pins around 1000-900 BC, and a delay of approximately 100200 years for the Loyalty Islands.