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(also Ganda), the language of the Baganda; belongs to the Bantu language family. Spoken in Uganda by about 2.5 million people (1970).
The phonetic structure of Luganda is characterized by the presence of two distinctive musical tones, high and low. The grammatical structure is distinguished by a system of concord classes marked by disyllabic prefixes. Locative classes are absent in the modern language. Locative meanings are rendered by a nonconcordant form with the prefix e-. In the sentence, the normal word order is subject-predicate-object. Luganda only recently became a written language.
REFERENCESlakovleva, I. P. lazyk Luganda. Moscow, 1961.
A Luganda Grammar. London, 1954.
Chesswas, I. D. The Essentials of Luganda, 3rd ed. London, 1963.
Snoxall, R. A. Luganda-English Dictionary. Oxford, 1967.
N. V. OKHOTINA