Luang Prabang


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Luang Prabang

a market town in N Laos, on the Mekong River: residence of the monarch of Laos (1946--75). Pop.: 26 400 (2003 est.)

Luang Prabang

 

a city in Laos, situated on the left bank of the Mekong, at the mouth of the Khan River, at an elevation of 350 m. It has a tropical monsoon climate with a dry period, an average January temperature of 22°C, and an average July temperature of 27.3°C. The mean annual precipitation is 854 mm. Population, 22,600 (1967). The city is the economic and cultural center of Laos. It has a landing and an airport and is connected by a highway with Vientiane, the administrative capital, and with the port of Vinh in Vietnam, on the Gulf of Tonkin. It is also a center of trade (rice and lumber materials), forestry industries, and handicraft production.

The city was founded in the 14th century as Muong Swa, the capital of the Laotian principality of the same name. It was the capital of the Laotian state of Lan Xang from 1353 to 1563 and was renamed Luang Prabang-in the early 15th century. From 1707 to 1893 it was the capital of the Luang Prabang principality, and from 1893 to 1946, of the Luang Prabang kingdom, a French protectorate. When the united state of Laos was established in 1947, Vientiane became the capital; Luang Prabang was the residence of the Laotian king until the monarchy was abolished in 1975.

Luang Prabang has a regular layout, with many pile and brick houses. There are about 30 wats, or monasteries, including the Vixun (1503, burned down in 1887, rebuilt in 1898), the Wat That (1548, rebuilt in 1907), the Xieng Thong (1561), the Xen (first half of the 18th century), the May (1796), the Aram (rebuilt in 1818), the Xieng Muong (1851), and the Pa Khe (rebuilt in 1851). In the center of the city is the Chomsi that (stupa) near the Phu Si hill (rebuilt in the early 20th century). The city is the site of the Royal Palace, built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and the Royal Library, containing a collection of ancient manuscripts.

References in periodicals archive ?
The AFD, initiated in 1998 in Luang Prabang and expanded in 2012 at Vat Phou, meets these challenges by supporting the institutions responsible for the management of classified sites.
Two-night stay in our boutique hotel in Luang Prabang
Avani+ Luang Prabang is ideally situated in central Luang Prabang, and steps from the Mekong River, Royal Palace, and Night Market.
There is also a building with a welcoming wooden sign beneath a tall shady tree-the Luang Prabang Library.
From the international airport in Luang Prabang, it's a short 15 minutes by car to the peninsula, the hub of tourist activity, where open-air shops, guesthouses, and crepe stands run by Hmong, Kmhmu, and Lao Lum women and men line the main road.
ST Bank currently has five branches and 32 service units in Vientiane, Savannakhet province, Champasak province, Luang Prabang, and Bokeo province, which are important economic centres in Laos.
A 30-minute flight away in Luang Prabang, it was shoes off again at the Haw Pha Bang temple, built in the grounds of the Royal Palace, before, having clambered up 328 steps, we had more Mekong sunset-watching from the top of nearby Mount Phu Si.
Lao Deputy Prime Minister Somsavat Lengsavad, Minister of Energy and Mines Khammany Inthilath, General Manager of China Southern Power Grid Cao Zhi'an, as well as officials from Laos' Luang Prabang and China's Yunnan provinces attended an inaugural ceremony here.
Enjoy some of the best of South-east Asia cycling through the and rice paddies of North Vietnam towards Laos, and alongside the Mekong River to reach Luang Prabang.
Luang Prabang, Laos At the meeting of the Mekong and Nam Khan rivers, Luang Prabang is a melting pot of architecture, culture, quaint streets, bustling markets and sumptuous street food.
The small village, in the west of the country near the border with Thailand, is the overnight stopover point for the large riverboats which ferry tourists from the northern Thailand town of Chang Rai to the old Laotian colonial royal capital of Luang Prabang.
Why: Because it is the only hotel in Luang Prabang that is built on Phou Vao Hill, literally the hill of the kites, as it provides a fabulous vantage point and panoramic views overlooking the breathtaking countryside and the UNESCO World Heritage Site of Luang Prabang.