Luang Prabang


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Luang Prabang

a market town in N Laos, on the Mekong River: residence of the monarch of Laos (1946--75). Pop.: 26 400 (2003 est.)

Luang Prabang

 

a city in Laos, situated on the left bank of the Mekong, at the mouth of the Khan River, at an elevation of 350 m. It has a tropical monsoon climate with a dry period, an average January temperature of 22°C, and an average July temperature of 27.3°C. The mean annual precipitation is 854 mm. Population, 22,600 (1967). The city is the economic and cultural center of Laos. It has a landing and an airport and is connected by a highway with Vientiane, the administrative capital, and with the port of Vinh in Vietnam, on the Gulf of Tonkin. It is also a center of trade (rice and lumber materials), forestry industries, and handicraft production.

The city was founded in the 14th century as Muong Swa, the capital of the Laotian principality of the same name. It was the capital of the Laotian state of Lan Xang from 1353 to 1563 and was renamed Luang Prabang-in the early 15th century. From 1707 to 1893 it was the capital of the Luang Prabang principality, and from 1893 to 1946, of the Luang Prabang kingdom, a French protectorate. When the united state of Laos was established in 1947, Vientiane became the capital; Luang Prabang was the residence of the Laotian king until the monarchy was abolished in 1975.

Luang Prabang has a regular layout, with many pile and brick houses. There are about 30 wats, or monasteries, including the Vixun (1503, burned down in 1887, rebuilt in 1898), the Wat That (1548, rebuilt in 1907), the Xieng Thong (1561), the Xen (first half of the 18th century), the May (1796), the Aram (rebuilt in 1818), the Xieng Muong (1851), and the Pa Khe (rebuilt in 1851). In the center of the city is the Chomsi that (stupa) near the Phu Si hill (rebuilt in the early 20th century). The city is the site of the Royal Palace, built in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and the Royal Library, containing a collection of ancient manuscripts.

References in periodicals archive ?
Historically, Luang Prabang was the first capital of the unified Laos kingdom, known as Lan Xang (Kingdom of Million elephants) in the 14th century.
Traditional Thai dancers at Bangkok's Hualamphong station; Phousi food market in Luang Prabang; the Phimai temple; girls in traditional Thai dress prepare for a performance in Thailand's Phimai Historical Park; the daily ceremony of giving of alms to monks in Luang Prabang, Laos
Out of that melange of cultures and languages the French had created a new nation, Le Laos, by cobbling together the northern provinces centered around Luang Prabang, the southern provinces of Champassak, and the central provinces around Vientiane and Savannakhet.
of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign) explore the impact of designating Luang Prabang, Laos as a UNESCO World Heritage Zone of Preservation on the built environment of the area.
Villa Maly, a boutique hotel in Luang Prabang, Laos, has offered a new Explorer's Package.
In the small village of Ban Kok Gniew, the Luang Prabang Teak Program is providing farmers with the skills they need to manage and market their product directly to timber processors and link them with international markets.
My conversations with Hmong/English-speaking guides I hired in Xieng Khuang, or waiters and shop vendors in Luang Prabang and Chiang Mai, were with full disclosure of my research interests in the textiles.
In the mid-14th century, a strong warlord in the area of the present-day city of Luang Prabang further consolidated his power, but centralized control disintegrated into three separate kingdoms in the early 1700s.
LAOS REVEALED: Kumuka Worldwide (0800 068 8855) offers 12-day tour from Mar 31 via Vientiane, Mekong River, Wat Phu temple, Dom Khong Island and freshwater dolphins, and Luang Prabang.
As recently as a decade ago, most visitors to Laos found themselves among a bare handful of tourists plying the dusty backstreets of the capital, wandering nearly alone through world heritage site Luang Prabang or lazing along the Mekong in a local water taxi or churning up or down the mighty river in a long-tail boat.
some 340 kilometers northwest of the Lao capital Vientiane and 165 km west-northwest of the old royal capital of Luang Prabang, at a depth of some 17.
The church's property in Luang Prabang was seized after 1975, and there is no longer a parsonage in that city.