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Lubumbashi(lo͞obo͞ombä`shē), city (1984 pop. 564,830), capital of Haut-Katanga province, SE Congo (Kinshasa), near the border with Zambia. The second largest city of the country, it is a commercial and industrial center. Copper is smelted there, and textiles, food products and beverages, printed materials, and bricks are manufactured. Founded in 1910, Lubumbashi was known as Elisabethville and prospered with the development of the region's copper-mining industry. It also serves as a distribution center for other minerals, including cobalt, zinc, tin, and coal. Lubumbashi was the capital of the secessionist state of KatangaKatanga
, former province, c.200,000 sq mi (518,000 sq km), SE Congo (Kinshasa); called Shaba from 1971 to 1997. Katanga bordered Angola on the southwest, Zambia on the southeast, and Lake Tanganyika on the east. The capital and chief city was Lubumbashi.
..... Click the link for more information. (1960–63) and was the scene of bloody strife between UN troops and Katangan forces. The city is the site of a university, a regional museum, and a modern airport. It is connected by rail to several SE and central Congo cities and to Zambia.
(Elisabethville until 1966), a city in the Republic of Zaïre; administrative center of the province of Shaba (Katanga), located on the Lubumbashi River (Luapula basin), near the Zambia border. Population, 318,000 (1970). The city is a highway junction and has a railroad station and an international airport. It is a large industrial and commercial center, with a copper-smelting works and enterprises of the food-processing, textile, chemical, machine-building, and other industries.