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(Lucent Technologies, Murray Hill, NJ, A major manufacturer of telecommunications equipment. Lucent makes telephones and telephone systems, large telephone switching computers and integrated circuits and optoelectronics components for communications and computer applications.

The company has a long history in the telecom arena. Its roots go back to 1869 when Elisha Gray and Enos Barton founded Gray and Barton in Cleveland, Ohio, a company that provided parts and models for inventors such as Gray himself. Gray and Barton was later renamed Western Electric Company when Western Union, its major customer, became an investor.

In 1881, American Bell Telephone purchased controlling interest in Western Electric, which became the manufacturing arm of the Bell companies. In 1899, AT&T, which was created 14 years earlier, took over American Bell and Western Electric. In 1925, the already-combined engineering departments of Western Electric and AT&T were turned into Bell Labs, which has become world famous for its research. A year later, Western Electric spun off its electrical distribution operations as Graybar Electric Company, which became the first large company to be bought out by its own employees.

Over the years, the company ushered in the electronic age by developing the vacuum tube. It also invented the loudspeaker, brought sound to motion pictures and introduced mobile communications, the forerunner of today's cellular system. When AT&T was divested of its Bell operating companies in 1984, Western Electric remained with AT&T, but was soon split up into a variety of divisions, including Network Systems, which builds the major switching and telecom equipment. When spun off from AT&T in 1996, Lucent retained all of AT&T's manufacturing units as well as Bell Labs.

In late 2006, Lucent merged with Paris-based Alcatel forming a new entity named Alcatel-Lucent. In early 2007, the new company announced it had acquired Nortel's UMTS radio access business to forward its network development of 3G to 4G technologies. See OFS.

Lucent Has History
Although a new company in 1996, Lucent goes way back, spawning Bell Labs and Graybar Electric and inventing or developing some of the most important technologies in the western world. (Image courtesy of Lucent Technologies.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Lucent demonstrated the interoperability of its optical and data products in September of this year at the Networld+Interop show in Atlanta.
Mike Iandolo, president of Mobility Access Solutions for Lucent Technologies, added, "CDMA is a large and sustainable market with growth opportunities in the emerging markets segment.
The agreement builds on a reseller relationship established earlier this year under which Lucent is offering Simpler Networks' central office EZ-MDF[TM] automated main distribution frame (AMDF) hardware and software along with its own end-to-end suite of integration and professional services to help service providers install and integrate the AMDF products in their networks.
Malaysia, and the Asian Region, are important NGN markets for Lucent and we appreciate the opportunity to assist Maxis, a recognized leader in the delivery of advanced services, in moving to an IP-based next-generation network," said Bart Vogel, president, Lucent Technologies Asia Pacific.
Lucent Services also offers a variety of service packages designed to help operators quickly, and cost-effectively launch their IPTV services.
The agreement enhances Lucent's ability to share location-based data across Lucent and TCS solutions in order to 'location enable' other applications in Lucent's portfolio such as Lucent SurePay(R) Real-Time Rating and Charging Suite and Lucent Active PhoneBook.
In addition to VoIP services, ICE is preparing to offer its customers a comprehensive set of IP-based services, including high-speed Ethernet connectivity, and the Lucent platform will allow it to rapidly develop and launch these new value added services.
To meet customer's increasing product demands and accelerate product delivery for both Lucent's Metropolis Wavelength Services Manager (WSM) and Movaz' RAYexpress optical platform, Lucent and Movaz have entered into an agreement for Lucent to manage elements of Movaz's supply chain operations, including key component purchases, product manufacturing, and customer delivery requirements.
By partnering with Dynavar, we were able to offer DTI a compelling end-to-end solution that resolved their needs in a cost-effective manner, as well as met the needs of their customers," said Gerry Cafaro, vice president of sales for Lucent Technologies.
Lucent's Base Station Router will help mobile operators extend the value of their 3G network investments by helping them prepare for the evolution to IMS-based multimedia applications, and enable them to cost-effectively meet growing customer demand for high-speed data services," said Mike Iandolo, president of Mobility Access Solutions for Lucent Technologies' Network Solutions Group.
Lucent Technologies (NYSE: LU) today announced several contract wins in Europe and a groundbreaking new product for third-generation (3G) mobile networks at the 3GSM World Congress 2006 trade show taking place here this week.
Under the multiyear agreement, Lucent will initially help build out the system that will enable VoIP services to consumers over BellSouth(R) FastAccess(R) DSL Internet service.