Camille Desmoulins(redirected from Lucie Simplice Camille Benoist Desmoulins)
Born Mar. 2, 1760, in Guise; died Apr. 5, 1794, in Paris. Figure in the Great French Revolution. Lawyer and journalist.
On the eve of the uprising of July 14, 1789, Desmoulins called the people to armed struggle against the monarchy. He edited several democratic newspapers. As a member of the National Convention he opposed the Girondists, and he was close to the right-wing Jacobins (the supporters of G. Danton). On the pages of his newspaper, Le Vieux Cordelier, Desmoulins demanded the repeal of the Law of the Maximum and the relaxation of the revolutionary terror, and he criticized the policies of M. Robespierre. Desmoulins was arrested and guillotined by decision of the revolutionary tribunal.
REFERENCESFrantsuzskaia burzhuaznaia revoliutsiia 1789-1794. Moscow-Leningrad, 1941. Chapter 9.
Claretie, J. Camille Desmoulins, Lucile Desmoulins, étude sur les dantonistes, d’après des documents nouveaux et inédits. Paris, 1875.