Lucien Febvre


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Lucien Febvre
Birthday
BirthplaceNancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle
Died
NationalityFrench
Occupation
Historian
Known for Establishing Annales School

Febvre, Lucien

 

Born July 22, 1878, in Nancy; died Sept. 27, 1956, in Saint-Amour. French historian. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1951).

Febvre was a professor at the University of Dijon from 1912 to 1914, at the University of Strasbourg from 1919 to 1933, and at the Collège de France from 1933. In 1948 he became head of the sixth section (economic and social sciences) at the Practical School of Higher Studies. In 1929, together with M. Bloch, he founded the journal Annales d’histoire economique et sociale, (since 1946, Annales; economies, sociétés, civilisations).

Febvre emphasized that a true understanding of history requires a comprehensive understanding of society. Accordingly, he addressed himself to the study of geography, agrarian relations, trade, social structure, language, religion, culture, and historical psychology. Although his research covered events from the Middle Ages through modern times, his interests were centered on the Renaissance, in particular, the 16th century. Febvre attributed great importance to the study of social psychology in different eras, recognizing that man’s psychological makeup is determined by his place in society.

WORKS

La Terre et l’évolution humaine. Paris, 1922.
Un Destin: Martin Luther. Paris, 1928.
Le Problème de l’incroyance au XVIe siècle: La religion de Rabelais. Paris, 1947.
Combats pour l’histoire. Paris, 1965.
Pour une histoire à part entière. Paris, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the 1930s and 1940s, Lucien Febvre, a member of the Annales School, called for histories of love, joy, and cruelty, arguing that modern conceptions of these emotions had little to do with their meaning or expression in other times.
Em O trabalho que se faz: A atividade diretorial nos Annales d'HistoireEconomique et Sociale (1929-1938), Mariana Ladeira investiga o cotidiano da Revista editada por Marc Bloch e Lucien Febvre, atraves das cartas trocadas entre os dois historiadores, e faz uma leitura do momento de intensa instabilidade, que marcou os primeiros anos do periodico, e como se tracou seu perfil tematico.
En esto difiere radicalmente de las tesis de los padres fundadores de los Annales, Marc Bloch y Lucien Febvre, cuyas criticas al positivismo historico proceden mas bien de la dialectica con las ciencias sociales, la critica a la historia de eventos (histoire historisante) cuya columna vertebral era la historia politica (11), la apertura de la historia a ambitos de inteligibilidad historica hasta ese momento no explorados o considerados marginales, la primacia de los procesos y las estructuras sobre los sujetos individuales y los factores economicos como los factores explicativos del devenir historico.
But it is also proposed here that another continuity is implied by the relationship between French Annales School founders Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch, who were without doubt, aware of the second generation of Burckhardtian scholars in Germany, namely the ill-fated Karl Lamprecht, and shared with him mutual friendships with both the Belgian cultural historian Henri Pirenne, with the Dutch cultural historian Johann Huizinga, and with the French polymath philosopher Henri Berr.
In this paper, on the basis of textual analysis and new archival materials recently published in France, I argue that Reclus's influence particularly affected the Annales's founder Lucien Febvre, and that it springs from not only Febvre's scholarly interest in Reclus, but also his early engagement in socialist milieus and sympathies for both anarchism and figures like Pierre-Joseph Proudhon.
Es en 1929, coincidiendo con la crisis del capitalismo, que Marc Bloch (6) y Lucien Febvre fundaron en Paris la revista Annales d'histoire economique et sociale, que transformo el concepto de la historia al priorizar una historia social que incluia mentalidades, vida cotidiana, costumbres, familia, sentimientos, y subjetividades colectivas, lo que permitio estudiar a las mujeres como sujetos historicos.
Lejos de una historia estrictamente apologetica, y aun mas de una historia culpabilista que parecio tomar vuelo durante la crisis religiosa que siguio a la <<revolucion cultural>> de 1968, Yves-Marie Hilaire quiso hacer una historia comprehensiva mucho mas serena, que rechazara especialmente el anacronismo, <<pecado mortal del historiador>> en palabras de Lucien Febvre.
Impulsado por Lucien Febvre (5), el estudio extenso sobre la obra completa de Freyre fue dado a conocer al publico francofono diez anos despues de la publicacion de Casa Grande & Senzala.
El reto de estudiar los sentimientos no constituye una propuesta reciente, ya en 1941 el historiador frances Lucien Febvre, en un articulo titulado "Sensibility and history: how to reconstitute the emocional life of the past", se habia planteado algunos de los desafios metodologicos que guiaban tal empresa.
Se pueden advertir reminiscencias de la obra de Lucien Febvre en este deseo de construir la obra como un dialogo permanente entre el individuo y el cuerpo social.
Rather, he unpacks in quirky prose the unexamined assumptions that undergird received narratives of early print culture, especially the grand narratives of early printing proposed by Elizabeth Eisenstein, Mark Bland, Lucien Febvre, and Henri-Jean Martin.
Nesse pais tao e cada vez mais esportivo, nao surpreende que o assunto tenha se imposto aos intelectuais e pesquisadores, inclusive aos historiadores, filhos atentos do seu tempo, como sugeria Lucien Febvre.