Lucien Febvre


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Lucien Febvre
Birthday
BirthplaceNancy, Meurthe-et-Moselle
Died
NationalityFrench
Occupation
Historian
Known for Establishing Annales School

Febvre, Lucien

 

Born July 22, 1878, in Nancy; died Sept. 27, 1956, in Saint-Amour. French historian. Member of the Academy of Moral and Political Sciences (1951).

Febvre was a professor at the University of Dijon from 1912 to 1914, at the University of Strasbourg from 1919 to 1933, and at the Collège de France from 1933. In 1948 he became head of the sixth section (economic and social sciences) at the Practical School of Higher Studies. In 1929, together with M. Bloch, he founded the journal Annales d’histoire economique et sociale, (since 1946, Annales; economies, sociétés, civilisations).

Febvre emphasized that a true understanding of history requires a comprehensive understanding of society. Accordingly, he addressed himself to the study of geography, agrarian relations, trade, social structure, language, religion, culture, and historical psychology. Although his research covered events from the Middle Ages through modern times, his interests were centered on the Renaissance, in particular, the 16th century. Febvre attributed great importance to the study of social psychology in different eras, recognizing that man’s psychological makeup is determined by his place in society.

WORKS

La Terre et l’évolution humaine. Paris, 1922.
Un Destin: Martin Luther. Paris, 1928.
Le Problème de l’incroyance au XVIe siècle: La religion de Rabelais. Paris, 1947.
Combats pour l’histoire. Paris, 1965.
Pour une histoire à part entière. Paris, 1962.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nesse pais tao e cada vez mais esportivo, nao surpreende que o assunto tenha se imposto aos intelectuais e pesquisadores, inclusive aos historiadores, filhos atentos do seu tempo, como sugeria Lucien Febvre.
Si, depuis la parution en 1958 du volume de Lucien Febvre et d'Henri-Jean Martin, L'apparition du livre, les travaux des historiens francais du livre, notamment les Martin, Furet, Chartier, Roche, Barbier, se sont imposes dans le monde entier en histoire du livre, il n'en etait pas de meme en histoire des bibliotheques.
Sixty years ago, for example, when Lucien Febvre expressed skepticism regarding the existence of atheism in the sixteenth-century and asserted that those who lived in that time had "little choice but to believe," he was articulating the common sense of the matter.
A final section of articles dealing with "culture" reflects the interest in "men-tallies' and the history of the senses that Gutton shared with his mentor, Robert Mandrou, and with Mandrou's mentor Lucien Febvre.
The founding Annalistes, Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch, in turn examined the possibilities of unbelief in the 16th century and belief in the miraculous, attempting to understand the relationships between the economy, society, and mass belief systems.
Though it has not been prominent in the English-language world, just such an historiographical approach was worked out by Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch in the 1920s in what became known as the French Annales school of historiography.
For example, in the 1930s Lucien Febvre transformed Michelet into "a genderless genius with a name that radiates extraordinary power" (101).
It is these two themes, the historical past and education for the future, which come together in the recent publication of a series of lectures, entitled Europe: Genese d'une civilisation, delivered by Lucien Febvre at the College de France in 1944-45, in the immediate aftermath of the liberation of Paris.
As the great French scholar Lucien Febvre remarked 60 years ago, we don't even have a history of hate.
when Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch founded the Annales d'histoire economique et sociale, deeply resented and strongly resisted by the traditionalists.
If these historicist "world-pictures" had been situated by Jay as ocularcentric constructions of period concepts in the work of the modern intellectual historians he cites (Jacques Ellul, Eric Auerbach, and Lucien Febvre, for instance), he would have been freed from the necessity of repeating them as constitutive chronotopes to be endorsed or rejected in his own narrative.
Lucien Febvre explica a importancia cultural e a funcao social dessa literatura: "Os romances de cavalaria nao tratam unica e exclusivamente do amor.