Lucretiu Patrascanu

Pătrăşcanu, Lucreţiu

 

Born Nov. 4, 1900, in Bacău; died Apr. 16, 1954, in Bucharest. Leader of the Rumanian labor movement. Sociologist. Member of the Rumanian Communist Party from 1921.

The son of a writer, Pătrăşcanu graduated from the law school of the University of Bucharest and from the faculty of philosophy of the University of Leipzig (1925). In 1924 he defended his doctoral dissertation The Agrarian Reform in Greater Rumania and Its Results.

Pătrăşcanu was a delegate to the Fourth (1928) and Fifth (1931) Congresses of the Rumanian Communist Party (RCP). In 1931 he was a deputy to parliament. In 1933 and 1934 he represented the RCP at the Executive Committee of the Communist International. He was also editor of the newspaper Deşteptarea. One of the organizers of the people’s armed uprising of Aug. 23, 1944, he served as minister of justice from 1944 to 1948. He was a member of the Central Committee of the RCP from 1945 to 1948 and a member of the Central Committee’s Politburo from 1946 to 1948. Pătrăşcanu is the author of several studies on the socioeconomic development of prewar Rumania.

WORKS

Un veac de frămîntări sociale, 1821–1907. Bucharest, 1969.
Sub trei dictaturi. Bucharest, 1970.

REFERENCE

Analele institului de studii istorice şi social-politice de pe lîngă…, 1968, nos. 2–3. Pages 21–22.
References in periodicals archive ?
17) Examples include the Patrascanu Trial against the former pro-Communist politician Lucretiu Patrascanu (1948-54) (Betea); the Noica--Pillat Trial (1958-60) against intellectuals (Tanase); and trials against ethnic Germans, such as Black Church Trial (1957-58) (Brenndorfer and Sindilariu) and German Writers' Trial (1958-59) (Motzan, Sienerth and Heuberger).
This law was one of the laws initiated by Lucretiu Patrascanu, the communist Minister of Justice, laws meant to rise and maintain the Communist Party at a high level.
The first target was minister of justice Lucretiu Patrascanu.
With the exception of a handful of Romanian politicians, such as Alexandru Dobrogeanu-Gherea, Lucretiu Patrascanu, Miron Constantinescu, Grigore Preoteasa, and Ion Gheorghe Maurer, the PMR's elite lacked men of high intellect.
Eventually, it was Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej--once a humble railway worker who did not receive political education in the Soviet Union--that managed to silence, or marginalize, his real or perceived rivals from within the Party, of whom etefan Foris, Lucretiu Patrascanu and Ana Pauker were the most prominent.
In acest scop, Georghiu-Dej nu s-a dat in laturi sa-si elimine fizic adversarii din partid, precum stefan Foris (rapit si detinut clandestin in 1944 si asasinat in 1946) sau Lucretiu Patrascanu (arestat in 1948 si executat in 1954).