Lumber Industry


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Lumber Industry

 

the industry that deals with felling, working, and processing timber. Felling (logging, or forest exploitation) is the final phase of forestry production. In countries or areas with limited forest reserves, felling is monitored or actually done by agencies or enterprises—for example, forestry sections and state logging enterprises. In countries and areas with large natural forest reserves, felling and floating timber is an extractive industry—an independent logging industry that is part of the country’s industrial complex.

All aspects of working and processing timber form the wood-processing industry, which is also known as the factory and plant lumber industry. New products are being developed through scientific and technical progress and intensification of the social division of labor, and the manufacture of these products gradually creates new branches of the wood-processing industry. The wood-processing industry of the USSR manufactures thousands of products; one part of the industry, which includes the mechanical and partially chemical and mechanical processing and working of lumber, is the woodworking industry. The other part of the wood-processing industry is made up of the cellulose-and-pulp, hydrolysis, and wood-chemistry industries, all of which process lumber and some nonwood forest products chemically.

The lumber industry is also subdivided into categories by the ministries that run its various branches—for example, lumbering and wood processing are under the auspices of the Ministry of the Timber and Woodworking Industry.

As the wood-processing industry develops, an ever-increasing role is being played by new progressive industries that can better meet the country’s economic demands and raise the effectiveness of social production. Thus, the accelerated production of fiber-board and cardboard, replacing many types of sawn wood, makes it possible to manufacture a greater and more varied amount of industrial items for the national economy from forest raw materials without significant increase in timber felling.

P. V. VASIL’EV

References in periodicals archive ?
Following Tan and Mathews (2010), this study uses the growth cycles approach for identifying softwood lumber industry cycles.
The French Canadians who followed the lumber industry to the Saginaw Valley were confident in their skills and easily integrated into that industry as well as the sociopolitical framework of the valley.
The lumber industry has recently announced that they plan to phase out the use of arsenic-treated wood, seeking alternative preservatives.
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Kyle Hay took a totally different route than he expected when he landed a job in the lumber industry.
As he makes very clear, this is a story that involves much more than a study of the timber and lumber industry as it developed from local, small-scale operations to a powerful industry controlled from afar.
Benecol obtains its plant stanol esters from the pulp of pine trees, a by product from the lumber industry.
Too often, LATIN TRADE extols, for example, the benefits of developing the lumber industry in Chile, but fails to assess the environmental impact on animals, plants, forests, fish, air, water, and, ultimately, people.
Gingrich heads the Sierra Madre Alliance, a group fighting to protect the rich ecosystem of Mexico's remote Sierra Madre Mountains from the international lumber industry.
Since 1985 the company has been active in furnishing covered storage systems for the lumber industry, utilizing cantilever and selective racks.