On an organic dairy farm in Boistfort Valley, Washington, surrounded by the foothills of the coast range, Kincaid's lupine
thrives among a herd of cows.
Working at the ARS Poisonous Plant Research Laboratory in Logan, Utah, chemist Richard Keeler (now retired) started to identify alkaloids in lupines
that contributed to the onset of CCS.
In acceptably large Fender's blue populations where lupines
are overtopped by tall grasses, active season mowing in a portion of the sites could occur without placing the entire population at risk, providing conscientious mow timing, treatment size, and mow deck height is addressed.
At the freeway ramp in question, there is also a massive display of royal blue lupine
(Lupinus), a California native.
We modeled lupine
survival with a hierarchical family of "one-hit dose response" models to interpret the results of the experiment.
Growing in the bare sand areas favored by lupines
are other unusual plants such as ground pine and pale grey-green patches of reindeer moss lichen, as well as the red-topped british soldier lichens.
The Karner blue's problems stem from its adaptation to life in sandy pine-oak savanna, where natural fires spur the growth of wild lupine
, the only plant that Karner caterpillars eat.
She and her assistants watched the insects' behavior inside areas with lupines
and outside such prime habitat.
Aside from the famous orange poppies, consider clarkias, monkey flowers and lupines
On a fine spatial scale, mortality of isolated islands of lupines
growing within mostly native coastal prairie promotes subsequent invasion into dead lupine
patches by weedy introduced plants (Maron and Connors 1996).
The undulating ridges which surrounded it were brilliant with blue lupines
and velvet-leaf sunflowers.
About 200 species of lupines
grow in all kinds of habitats.