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a nationality living in the Zagros Mountains of western Iran. They number about 800,000 persons (1970, estimate) and comprise four related tribal groups, the Pishkuh and Pushtkuh in Luristan and the Mamaseni and Kuhgiluiyeh in Fars. They speak the Lur dialects of the Iranian language group and are Shiite Muslims. It is believed that the Lur were formed through the mixing of the ancient Elamite population with incoming southern Iranian tribes. Primarily nomadic herdsmen in the past, many Lur have become settled farmers.


Narody Perednei Azii. Moscow, 1957.



(1) an ancient bronze wind instrument dating from the Bronze Age. More than 30 lurs were discovered at the turn of the 20th century during excavations on the western shore of the Baltic Sea. The body is curved in the form of the letter S and has a cup-shaped mouthpiece. The instrument’s size and unique form correspond exactly to the size and shape of a mammoth tusk.

(2) A Scandinavian wind instrument that consists of a wooden tube encased in bark. There is no mouthpiece; the player’s lips are placed directly against the opening for blowing. The instrument measures nearly 1 m long. There are no finger holes.

References in periodicals archive ?
This section employs variation in the LUR at the county level to analyze differences in labor market outcomes across racial and ethnic groups, broken down by JC randomization.
We add to this literature by exploiting large cross-sectional variability in the LUR in U.
Of special interest are the slopes of the lines in the figure: the slope of the solid line for blacks and Hispanics is steeper than the dashed line, suggesting that as the LUR increases the weekly earnings for those in the treatment group decreases more than those in the control group.
The set of estimates that control for the LUR are presented in Table 3 (Panels II and III).
We allow the effect of the LUR and its interaction with randomization status to differ across racial/ethnic groups in Panel III, which reveals important heterogeneities.
Looking at the interactions of LUR with randomization status and race/ethnicity in the specification in Panel III allows analyzing whether JC mitigates or exacerbate the consequences of poor labor market conditions for the different groups.
The way in which the LUR affects treatment group members is also heterogeneous, although the estimated coefficients are not statistically significant.
Similarly, employing the race/ ethnicity-specific LUR constructed using individuals aged 16-35 yr that belong to each group from the 2000 5% IPUMS results in qualitatively similar results, albeit stronger.
Next, we consider counterfactual values of LUR between 1% and 7% and compute the predicted ITT effects of JC, presented in the middle panel of Table 4.
Considering an extremely low LUR of 1% yields predicted ITT effects of 11.
Recently, China's land economists have become more flexible in interpreting and applying Karl Marx's ideas under the newly initiated LUR reforms.