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Lusaka(lo͞osä`kə), city (1990 est. pop. 982,400), alt. 4,200 ft (1,280 m), capital of Zambia, S central Zambia. A sprawling city located in a productive farm area, Lusaka is an administrative, financial, and commercial center. Manufactures include foodstuffs, beverages, clothing, and cement (made from limestone quarried nearby). The city is at the junction of the Great North Road (to Tanzania) and the Great East Road (to Malawi) and is on Zambia's main railroad. The Tazara Railway (also known as the Great Uhuru or Tanzam Railway) connects Lusaka and Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, providing Zambia access to the ocean. Lusaka was founded by Europeans in 1905 and was named after the headman of a nearby African village. Its main growth occurred after 1935, when it replaced LivingstoneLivingstone,
city (1990 est. pop. 82,218), S Zambia, near the Zambezi River, which forms the border with Zimbabwe. It is an industrial, commercial, and transportation center. Manufactures include clothing, textiles, and food products.
..... Click the link for more information. as the capital of the British colony of Northern Rhodesia. The city and its surrounding area became a province in 1976. The Univ. of Zambia and an international airport are in Lusaka.
capital of the Republic of Zambia. Situated in the central part of the country at an elevation of 1,279 m. The climate is subequatorial. The average January temperature is 20.6°C; the average July temperature, 15.5°C. Precipitation is 837 mm a year. Population, 348,000 (1972, including suburbs). The city is administered by an elected council headed by a mayor. The council is responsible for such matters as the local budget, housing and municipal services, public utilities, urban transportation, and public health.
The city originated on the site of a railroad station built in 1910. It got its name from the tribal leader Lusaka. From 1931 to 1964 it was the administrative center of the British protectorate of Northern Rhodesia. Since 1964 it has been the capital of Zambia.
Lusaka is an important transportation junction: it is linked by railroads and highways to deposits of the country’s copper belt. There is an international airport. The city is a commercial and distribution center for a large agricultural region. It has food-processing and garment enterprises, a cement plant, and automotive repair shops.
The city does not have a regular layout. Residential buildings are primarily one-story; in the former European quarters there are detached houses with sections planted with trees, while in the African quarters there are local-type houses. Lusaka is the site of the University of Zambia (to which the Institute for African Studies is attached) and technical, agricultural, and pedagogical colleges. The National Council for Scientific Research and the Wildlife Conservation Society of Zambia are here. There is a city library. The city has movie theaters and a small theater where local amateur groups perform.