Lusatia

(redirected from Lusatian)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.
Related to Lusatian: Lausitz, Lusatian Neisse, Lusatian Serbs

Lusatia

(lo͞osā`shə), Ger. Lausitz, Pol. Łużyce, region of E Germany and SW Poland. It extends N from the Lusatian Mts., at the Czech border, and W from the Oder River. The hilly and fertile southern section is known as Upper Lusatia, the sandy and forested northern part as Lower Lusatia. The Lusatian Neisse separates E Germany and SW Poland. Forestry, farming, and stock raising are the chief occupations. There are lignite mines, textile mills, and glass-making factories. Bautzen, Cottbus, Görlitz, Żagań, and Zittau are the main towns.

The Lusatians are descended from the Slavic WendsWends
or Sorbs,
Slavic people (numbering about 60,000) of Brandenburg and Saxony, E Germany, in Lusatia. They speak Lusatian (also known as Sorbic or Wendish), a West Slavic language with two main dialects: Upper Lusatian, nearer to Czech, and Lower Lusatian, nearer to
..... Click the link for more information.
, and part of the population, particularly in the Spree Forest, still speaks Wendish and has preserved traditional dress and customs. The region was colonized by the Germans beginning in the 10th cent. and was constituted into the margraviates of Upper and Lower Lusatia. Both margraviates changed hands frequently among Saxony, Bohemia, and Brandenburg. In 1346 several towns of the region formed the Lusatian League and preserved considerable independence. Under the Treaty of Prague (1635) all of Lusatia passed to Saxony. The Congress of Vienna awarded (1815) Lower Lusatia and a large part of Upper Lusatia to Prussia. After World War II the Lusatian Wends (or Sorbs, as they are also called) sought unsuccessfully to obtain national recognition.

Lusatia

 

(Sorbian, Łuzica; German, Lausitz), a historical geographic region between the Elbe and Oder rivers, in what is now the southeastern German Democratic Republic (GDR).

The region is divided into Lower Lusatia (Dolnja Łuzica, Niederlausitz) in the north and Upper Lusatia (Hornja Łuzica, Oberlausitz) in the south; this division appeared in the 15th century, up until which time only Lower Lusatia was known as Lusatia. In the first millennium A.D., the territory was inhabited by Polabian Slavs—the Wends in the north and the Milzani in the south (the Milzani were centered mainly in Baudissin, now Bautzen, and this territory was originally called Baudissin Land); these tribes became the basis for consolidation of the Lusatian (Wendish) feudal nationality.

In the tenth century Lusatia was seized by German feudal lords, and the Lusatian, or Eastern, March (later margravate) was created in the territory of Lower Lusatia. In the 11th to 14th centuries Upper and Lower Lusatia belonged at different times to the margraves of Meissen, Poland, Bohemia, and Brandenburg; in 1320, Upper Lusatia, and in 1373, Lower Lusatia, became part of the Czech lands and together with them became in 1526 part of the Hapsburg monarchy. In 1635, Upper and Lower Lusatia became a possession of the Saxon electors, and in 1815 they were divided between Prussia (all of Lower and part of Upper Lusatia with the city of Görlitz) and Saxony (part of Upper Lusatia and the city of Bautzen). The region was colonized by the Germans; its Slavic population was partially Germanized and partially retained its language, customs, and culture. As part of the GDR, Lower Lusatia and a smaller part of Upper Lusatia are in Cottbus District, and most of Upper Lusatia is in Dresden District.

Lusatia

a region of central Europe, lying between the upper reaches of the Elbe and Oder Rivers: now mostly in E Germany, extending into SW Poland; inhabited chiefly by Sorbs
References in periodicals archive ?
As a result, they were waiting for a possibility to return to their homes on the other side of the Lusatian Neisse River.
First joint projects were performed not only in Gubin and Guben but also in other cities by the Oder and Lusatian Neisse River.
The idea of Nowa Amerika consists in creation of a "theoretical" country with undefined borders, spreading from the Baltic Sea to the Sudetes, along the Oder and Lusatian Neisse Rivers.
The Ploucnice Fault may represent epitectonic continuation of the West Lusatian Fault sensu Ebert (1932).
Realization of Electronic Light Cone penetration according to DIN 4094 with depths of 10 m to 45 m on the liquefaction hazard Lusatian butts.
1) The use of heavy pressure probe according to DIN 4094 (total weight: 20 to 30 t) here is a geotechnical together with small depths to groundwater due to the liquefaction risk of tipping Lusatian not allowed.
Realization of Electronic Light CPTs according to DIN 4094 with depths of 10 m to 45 m on the liquefaction risk Lusatian butts.
Data processing and design "Plan sub-basin of the Upper and Middle Elbe River sub-basin Plan and Lusatian Neisse River and other tributaries of the Oder" in the territorial scope of state-owned enterprises River Elbe, state enterprise and River Eger, state-owned enterprise (hereinafter referred to as "sub-basin plans") within the meaning A* 24, A* 25 and A* 26 of the Water Act and in accordance with the decree of planning.
Tenders are invited for processing of documents and draft plan sub-basin of the upper and middle elbe and the plan lusatian neisse river sub-basin and other tributaries of the oder.
Processing of documents and draft "Plan sub-basin of the Upper and Middle Elbe and the Plan Lusatian Neisse River sub-basin and other tributaries of the Oder" in the territorial scope of state enterprises Elbe River, state enterprise and Ohre River, state enterprise (hereinafter referred to as "sub-basin plans") within the meaning A* 24, A* 25 and A* 26 of the Water Act and in accordance with the decree of planning.
As part of the tourist development of the lignite-mining landscape in the Lusatian mining area.
Wesolowski, Revolution 1905, Lusatian, Star Wars, Wroblewski, Mining - Construction at the discretion of the Upper Silesian Gas Company Zabrze - as previously agreed with the Employer.